Market Protection and Promotion

The Federal Seed Program prevents mislabeled seed from moving in interstate commerce by providing for random sampling of seeds to insure accurate labeling of seed characteristics.

The Plant Variety Protection Program offers legal protection to developers of new varieties of plants which reproduce
by providing the equivalent of a patent to the plant's developer.

The Research and Promotion Programs provide for the collection of an assessment for each commodity covered by statutes to enable the commodity industries to carry out research and promotion activities.

It is the responsibility of the Agricultural Marketing Service to assure responsible use of these assessments in meeting the research and promotion objective.

The Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act authorized the establishment of a National dairy promotion research and nutrition education program.

To eliminate deceptive, unfair and fraudulent trade practices in the processing and marketing of food and agricultural products; provide assistance to those striving to achieve this objective.

The Pesticide Data Program works with participating States to collect and analyze data on pesticide use and residue levels for selected commodities in the nation's food supply.

This program provides statistically based data to Federal agencies for use in making policy decisions for regulatory and educational purposes.


Agency - Department of Agriculture

Established in 1862, the Department of Agriculture serves all Americans through anti-hunger efforts, stewardship of nearly 200 million acres of national forest and rangelands, and through product safety and conservation efforts. The USDA opens markets for American farmers and ranchers and provides food for needy people around the world.

Office - Regional and local offices are listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.


Program Accomplishments

Seed samples tested: Fiscal year 2004, 1,855; fiscal year 2005, estimate 2,000; and fiscal year 2006, estimate 2,000. Plant variety certificates of protection issued: Fiscal year 2004, 421; fiscal year 2005, estimate 325; and fiscal year 2006, estimate 325. Pesticide data samples collected: Fiscal year 2004, 12,573; fiscal year 2005, estimate 11,000; and fiscal year 2006, estimate 11,000.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Assistance provided to assure fair and open marketing distribution system for agricultural products.



Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Any State government, public and private organization and institution, business and industry, or individual may apply for technical assistance or service.

State, trade associations, and universities may be eligible for cooperative agreements.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Any State government, public and private organization and institution, business and industry, or individual may apply for technical assistance or service.

Credentials/Documentation

As provided for in applicable Acts as referred to in the Authorization Section above.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

None.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.

12372.

Application Procedures

Procedures vary as provided for in applicable Acts. Contact appropriate area offices as listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Award Procedures

None.

Deadlines

None.

Authorization

Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627, 7 U.S.C. 2101-2119; Egg Research and Consumer Information Act, 7 U.S.C. 2701-2718; Export Apple and Pear Act, 7 U.S.C. 581-590; Export Grape and Plum Act, 7 U.S.C. 591-599; Federal Seed Act, 7 U.S.C. 1551-1611; National Wool Act of 1954, as amended, 7 U.S.C. 1787; Plant Variety Protection Act, 7 U.S.C. 2321-2331, 2351-2357, 2371-2372, 2401- 2404, 2421-2427, 2441-2443, 2461-2463, 2481-2486, 2501-2504, 2531-2532, 2541-2545, 2561-2569, 2581-2583; 7 U.S.C. 4301-4319; Cotton Research and Promotion Act, 7 U.S.C. 2101-2118; Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act of 1983, 7 U.S.C. 5111; Agricultural Fair Practices Act, 7 U.S.C. 2301-2306; Capper Volstead Act, 7 U.S.C 291-292; Potato Research and Promotion Act, 7 U.S.C. 2611-2627; Beef Promotion and Research Act of 1985, 7 U.S.C. 2901-2911; Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Act of 1985, 7 U.S.C. 1612-1631; Dairy Research and Promotion Act, 7 U.S.C. 4501-4513, 4532; Watermelon Research and Promotion Act, 7 U.S.C. 4901-4916; Honey Research Promotion and Consumer Information Act, 7 U.S.C. 4601-4612; Soybean Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act of 1990, 7 U.S.C. 6301-6311; Mushroom Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act of 1990, 7 U.S.C. 6101- 6112; Fluid Milk Promotion Act of 1990, 7 U.S.C. 6401-6417; Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, 7 U.S.C. 6501-6522; Fresh Cut Flowers and Fresh Cut Greens Promotion and Information Act of 1993, 7 U.S.C. 6801- 6814; Popcorn Promotion Research, and Consumer Information Act, 7 U.S.C. 7481-7491; National Kiwifruit Research, Promotion, and Consumer Information Act, 7 U.S.C. 7461-7473.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

None.

Appeals

As provided for in applicable Acts.

Renewals

As provided for in applicable Acts.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

None.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

None.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

As provided for in applicable Acts.

Audits

As provided for in applicable Acts.

Records

As provided for in applicable Acts.

Financial Information

Account Identification

12-2500-0-1-352.

Obigations

(Provision of Specialized Services) FY 07 $28,053,000; FY 08 est $29,456,000; and FY 09 est not reported.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

None.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

PA-655 "Export Fruit Acts-Questions and Answers," AMS-592, Facts About Naming and Labeling Varieties of Seed," "The Plant Variety Protection Act," requirements under the Federal Seed Act for Labeling treated Seed," 7 CFR 33-35, 101- 151,201-202; PA-1005, "Farmers Rights Under the Agricultural Fair Practices Act."

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Regional and local offices are listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Associate Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

None.



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