Office of Research and Development Consolidated Research/Training/Fellowships

The Office of Research and Development (ORD) supports research and development to determine the environmental effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and pesticides; (2) identify, develop, and demonstrate effective pollution control techniques; and (3)
perform risk assessments to characterize the potential adverse health effects of human exposures to environmental hazards, and (4) the facilitation of training and fellowships in these areas.

Investigator initiated grants/cooperative agreements may be funded in broad areas such as environmental chemistry and physics, environmental engineering; and health and ecological effects of pollution.

The ORD conducts leading-edge research to provide a solid underpinning of science and technology for the Agency.

Applied research builds our understanding of how to protect and enhance the relationship between humans and the ecosystems of earth.

ORD conducts a comprehensive research program to protect air, water, land, and human health and ecosystems, to improve environmental compliance and stewardship, and to conduct and promote coordination and acceleration of training for individuals relating the protection and enhancement of the relationship between humans and the ecosystems of earth as well as to improve environmental compliance and stewardship.

Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2008: 1.

Clean air research investigates risks associated with exposure to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and criteria pollutants, such as particulate matter (PM).

Our goal is to work with other Federal and state agencies, major universities and institutions, and the private sector to develop a better understanding of the causes and effects of air pollution, and provide the scientific underpinnings to improve air quality in the U.S.

2.

ORD provides the science needed to ensure drinking water is safe and to restore and maintain oceans, watersheds, and aquatic ecosystems to protect human health, support economic and recreational activities, and provide healthy habitats for fish, plants, and wildlife.

Our water research program provides the science needed for effectively implementing the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and Amendments and the Clean Water Act (CWA).

3.

Preserving land quality and remediating contaminated land is another of ORD's major goals.

Left uncontrolled, hazardous and non-hazardous wastes on land can migrate to the air, ground water, and surface water, contaminating drinking water supplies, and threatening healthy ecosystems in urban, rural, and suburban areas.

Efforts to preserve and restore land are supported through contaminated sediments and groundwater research.

4.

ORD also continues to better understand environmental risks and develop tools and management options for improving environmental conditions.

To promote healthy communities and ecosystems, EPA brings together a variety of programs, including human health research, endocrine disrupters research, computational toxicology research, global change research, pesticides and toxic substances research, and research on homeland security, as well as promoting and facilitating training in these areas to stimulate interest among students in careers involving environmental research and to provide hands-on experience.

5.

Finally, ORD EPA has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean up pollution throughout its history.

Since the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the Agency has increasingly focused on preventative and sustainable approaches to health and environmental problems.

EPA's efforts in this area support research specifically designed to address the issue of advancing sustainability goals - EPA's Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) program.

Our goal is to work with other Federal and state agencies, major universities and institutions, and the private sector to develop a better understandingofthecausesandeffectsofair pollution, and provide the scientific underpinnings to improve air quality in the U.S.

2.

ORD provides the science needed to ensure drinking water is safe and to restore and maintain oceans, watersheds, and aquatic ecosystems to protect human health, support economic and recreational activities, and provide healthy habitats for fish, plants, and wildlife.

Our water research program provides the science needed for effectively implementing the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and Amendments and the Clean Water Act (CWA).

3.

Preserving land quality and remediating contaminated land is another of ORD's major goals.

Left uncontrolled, hazardous and non-hazardous wastes on land can migrate to the air, ground water, and surface water, contaminating drinking water supplies, and threatening healthy ecosystems in urban, rural, and suburban areas.

Efforts to preserve and restore land are supported through contaminated sediments and groundwater research.

4.

ORD also continues to better understand environmental risks and develop tools and management options for improving environmental conditions.

To promote healthy communities and ecosystems, EPA brings together a variety of programs, including human health research, endocrine disrupters research, computational toxicology research, global change research, pesticides and toxic substances research, and research on homeland security, as well as promoting and facilitating training in these areas to stimulate interest among students in careers involving environmental research and to provide hands-on experience.

5.

Finally, ORD EPA has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean up pollution throughout its history.

Since the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the Agency has increasingly focused on preventative and sustainable approaches to health and environmental problems.

EPA's efforts in this area support research specifically designed to address the issue of advancing sustainability goals - EPA's Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) program.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

1) To improve understanding of the relationship between complex mixtures of environmental air pollutants and human health through the creation and analysis of a database developed by conducting identically designed laboratory studies of a small number of highly complex atmospheres having overlapping, but different, compositions.

2) To address critical questions concerning health risks, toxic metal transformations and pathways, sampling and measurement of toxic metal emissions, predictive modeling, and related toxic metal control technologies.

3) To conduct research and development on hazardous substance waste minimization alternative treatment technologies, and techniques to enhance applications of technologies and technology transfer.

4) This research will (1) evaluate the efficacy of alternative management strategies for the control of insects, nematodes, and weeds that reduce the use of pesticides; (2) characterize the environmental fate of nitrogen and synthetic pesticides using current and alternative pest management strategies; and (3) develop decision aid models that allow utilization of precise control strategies for weeds, insects and diseases that are environmentally safe.

5) To develop a predictive map of ground level ozone concentrations in the Washington/Baltimore non-attainment area by incorporating landscape characteristics and other remote sensing data into existing predictive models for ozone impacted urban areas.

6) To provide the scientific information, understanding, analyses and methods and protocols needed by states and local governments and various regulatory and management agencies to effectively protect the aquatic and terrestrial environment, the EPA seeks to establish a long term Training Cooperative Partnership with a leading research and teaching institution capable of managing an environmental training program.

The purpose of this agreement is to stimulate interest among students in careers involving environmental research and to provide hands-on experience.


Agency - Environmental Protection Agency

The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.

Office - Individuals are encouraged to communicate with the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog or the contact listed on the RFA.


Program Accomplishments

An estimated 125 grants/cooperative agreements are made each year. Data of the number of applications received and the exact number of awards made in the last three fiscal years is not available. Summary results of the research are available on http://www.epa.gov/researchaccomplishments.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds awarded via grants/cooperative agreements are available for allowable direct cost expenditures incident to performance of research plus allocable portions of allowable indirect costs of the institutions, in accordance with the established policies of EPA.

Assistance agreement awards under this program may involve or relate to geospatial information.

Further information regarding geospatial information may be obtained by viewing the following website: http://geodata.epa.gov.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

For certain competitive funding opportunities under this CFDA description, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency's Assistance Agreement Competition Policy.

These programs are available to each State, territory and possession, and Tribal nation of the U.S., including the District of Columbia, for public and private State universities and colleges, hospitals, laboratories, State and local government departments, other public or private nonprofit institutions, and in some cases, individuals or foreign entities who have demonstrated unusually high scientific ability.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Public nonprofit institutions/organizations and private nonprofit institutions/organizations; state and local governments; Federally Recognized Indian Tribal Governments; U.S. territories or possessions; anyone/general public; education professionals; students/trainees; graduate students; scientists/researchers; hospitals; foreign entities; and individuals.

Credentials/Documentation

None.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this program description, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement.

For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts" or see Appendix IV of the Catalog.

When applicable, an environmental impact assessment is made by the Office of Research and Development as required by the National Environmental Protection Act.

The standard application forms as furnished by the EPA and required by OMB Circulars No.

A-102 and No.

A-110 must be used for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

Competitive RFAs (requests for applications) for grants in these areas are announced widely through the Federal Register, Internet, university and scientific organizations, among other mechanisms. Although the programs identified are the formal assistance programs that ORD funds, there are periodic RFAs disseminated on other topics that are not part of the formal program. These new programs are also part of 66.510 but cannot be presently identified. Funds may be available to support activities including but not limited to experiments, surveys, studies, investigations, public education programs, and monitoring where authorized by specific statutes, in both science and engineering disciplines. Please check the Federal Register or the EPA/ORD website http://www.epa.gov/ord/htm/grantopportunity.htm for an updated listing of these programs. Completed applications must be submitted to the appropriate Grants Management Office at the Environmental Protection Agency or as shown in the specific RFAs, which are accessible through the EPA/ORD website at http://www.epa.gov/ord/htm/grantopportunity.htm. Please refer to Appendix IV for the complete mailing address(es) for the Grants Management Office(s). Applicants may be able to use http://www.grants.gov to electronically apply for certain grant opportunities under this CFDA.

Award Procedures

For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements. Customarily, applicants are notified about award decisions within six months of the solicitation deadline. After being recommended for award, applicants will be required to submit additional certifications and an electronic version of the revised project abstarct, and may be requested to provide responses to comments or suggestions offered by the peer reviewers, a revised budget, past performance documentation, and/or make appropraite revisions. EPA Project Officers will contact Principal Investigators to obtain these materials. The official notification of an award will be made by the Agency's Grants and Interagency Agreements Management Division. Before or after award, certain applicants will be expected to provide additional quality assurance documentation.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters office for application deadlines or review the RFAs for specific deadlines.

Authorization

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Section 102(2)( F); Clean Air Act, Sections 103 and 104, as amended, Public Law 95-95, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.; Clean Water Act, Section 104, as amended, Public Law 95-217, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.; Solid Waste Disposal Act, Section 8001, as amended; Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, Public Law 94-580, 42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.; Safe Drinking Water Act, Section 1442, as amended, Public Law 93- 523; Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, Public Law 92-516, 7 U.S.C. Sections 136r and 136u; Public Laws 94-140 and 95-396, 7 U.S.C. 136 et seq.; Toxic Substances Control Act, Section 10, as amended, Public Law 94-469, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, Section 311, Public Law 95-510, as amended, Public Law 99-499; Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act, Section 203.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Approximately 180 days.

Appeals

Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts." Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 40 CFR 30.63 or 40 CFR 31.70, as applicable.

Renewals

None. A standard grant application should be prepared and submitted as a new grant, which will be reviewed in the same manner as the original application and will compete for available funds.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

None.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Grants/cooperative agreements are normally funded on a 12-month basis (annual). Total approved project period may not exceed 5 years.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

EPA includes reporting requirements for grants and cooperative agreements in the terms and conditions of the agreements.

Agreements may require quarterly, interim, and final progress reports, and financial, equipment, and invention reports.

Reporting requirements are also identified in the Grant Regulations, 40 CFR Parts 30 and 31.

Reporting requirements are also identified in the Grant Regulations, 40 CFR Parts 30 and 31.

Audits

Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year. In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," non-federal entities that expend $500,000 or more in a year in Federal awards shall have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-federal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in OMB Circular No. A-133.

Records

Financial records, including all documents to support entries on accounting records and to substantiate charges to each grant, must be kept available to personnel authorized to examine EPA grant accounts. All records must be maintained until three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report. If questions still remain, such as those raised as a result of audit, related records should be retained until the matter is completely resolved.

Financial Information

Account Identification

68-0107-0-1-304.

Obigations

FY 07 $33,200,000; FY 08 est $33,600,000; and FY 09 est $31,000,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Awards range for new grants/cooperative agreements from $75,000 to $950,000, and average $250,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

General Grant Regulations and Procedures, Environmental Protection Agency (40 CFR Part 30 and 40 CFR Part 31); Interim Regulations, Research and Demonstration Grants, Environmental Protection Agency (40 CFR Part 40). "EPA Assistance Administration Manual," available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161 on a subscription basis and "EPA and the Academic Community, Solicitation for Grant Proposals."

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Individuals are encouraged to communicate with the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog or the contact listed on the RFA.

Headquarters Office

For administrative questions on grant applications and procedures, contact Mark J. Thomas, at the following address: Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20460. Telephone: (202) 564-4763; Fax: (202) 565-2903. E-mail: Thomas.Mark @epa.gov.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this CFDA description will be described in the competitive announcement. A proposal is judged for (A) scientific merit in terms of quality and originality of the proposed work, the qualifications of the investigator(s), the adequacy of the quality assurance plan, the responsiveness of the proposed research to needs identified in the RFA, the appropriateness of the proposed budget, and the probability that the project will accomplish stated objectives, and (B) program interest in terms of the need for the proposed research and a balanced ORD research portfolio. See the Web page for specific criteria.



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