The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to increase our understanding of persistent HIV-1 infection in patients under highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART).
Support would be through soliciting Research Project Grant (R01) applications for hypothesis-driven basic research
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in HIV/AIDS that is focused on directly achieving this aim.
The emphasis of this initiative is on the development of new ideas and approaches in HIV-1 persistence including model and assay development that may directly inform future studies on the design of therapeutic strategies to achieve long term remission without treatment or a complete eradication of residual virus and complete cure for HIV infection and AIDS.