This R18 Request for Application (RFA) calls for the creation and utilization of Patient Safety Learning Laboratories.
These learning laboratories are places and networks where transdisciplinary teams identify closely related threats to diagnostic or treatment efforts associated with a high burden
of harm and cost.
Following a systems engineering methodology, the learning laboratories stretch professional boundaries, envision innovative designs, and take advantage of brainstorming and rapid prototyping techniques that other leading industries employ.
Promising prototypes undergo further develop-test-revise iterations, and subsequent integration as a working system.
After further improvements are made to the integrated working system, its efficacy is evaluated in a realistic simulated or clinical setting.
While applicants will select the area of diagnostic or treatment focus they consider of high significance, a flexible methodology -- problem analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation -- is required that parallels a systems engineering process to give an underlying structure to the work undertaken.
In addition to longer-recognized patient safety issues, AHRQ also recognizes the importance of addressing harms caused by diagnostic failure.
As a consequence, applications that address the diagnostic as well as the treatment sides of medicine are welcomed.