OverviewThe Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART) Support for Adam Walsh Act Implementation Grant Program assists jurisdictions with developing and/or enhancing programs designed to implement the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA).
§ 20901, Title I et seq.) was enacted to protect the public by establishing a comprehensive national system of standards for the registration and notification of convicted sex offenders.The term jurisdiction is defined in SORNA guidelines as any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the principal U. S. territories and federally recognized Indian tribes to the extent provided by SORNA section 12 7. Statutory Authority:
This program is authorized pursuant to the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, 34 U.S.C.
20901 et seq.Program-Specific InformationThe Support for Adam Walsh Act (AWA) Implementation Grant Program assists jurisdictions with developing and/or enhancing programs designed to implement requirements of SORNA.
In summary, SORNA requires 1) all states, the District of Columbia, the principal U. S. territories and participating federally recognized Indian tribes to maintain a sex offender registry; and 2) sex offenders to register and maintain a current registration in each jurisdiction where the offender resides, is an employee or is a student.
SORNA also sets forth requirements for sex offender registries, to include specified information, duration of registration and in-person verification of sex offender registration information, as well as participation in the National Sex Offender Public Website (NSOPW) and inter-jurisdictional notification of relocating offenders (e.g., SORNA Exchange Portal).
For more specific information about substantial implementation of SORNA and access to the National Guidelines and Supplemental Guidelines on Sex Offender Registration and Notification, please visit https://www.smart.gov/SORNA.htm.
For information and resources on SORNA, visit www.smart.gov.Goals, Objectives, and DeliverablesThe SMART Office is interested in proposals that facilitate, enhance and maintain jurisdictional implementation of SORNA.For state and territorial jurisdictions that have not yet substantially implemented SORNA, applicants must explain how the proposed project will bring the jurisdiction closer to implementation based upon SMART’s SORNA Substantial Implementation Review.For tribal jurisdictions that have not yet substantially implemented SORNA, applicants must have received a SORNA Substantial Implementation Review, or submitted materials for review or requested and received a “reasonable time” extension from the SMART Office.
If the jurisdiction has received a Substantial Implementation Review, the applicant must explain how the proposed project will bring the jurisdiction closer to implementation based on SMART’s analysis.For those jurisdictions that have substantially implemented SORNA, the application must explain how the proposed project will support continued implementation of SORNA, enhance their current registration/notification programs or address any SORNA requirements not fully met as identified in their most recent SORNA Substantial Implementation Review.In developing and/or enhancing efforts or programs designed to implement or maintain SORNA standards, applicants may propose specific strategies and projects including, but not limited to, the following examples.Examples of strategies and projects to develop or enhance jurisdiction wide SORNA implementationAll applicants• Developing proposed legislation and administrative materials (such as policies and procedures) that address SORNA’s requirements, including legal support.• Providing support for coordinated interagency efforts to enhance implementation of SORNA requirements.• Developing or enhancing law enforcement and other criminal justice agency information sharing within the jurisdiction as well as between jurisdictions.• Implementing records management projects, such as converting paper documents to digital format as required by SORNA.• Developing and conducting training, including safety training, for law enforcement and other criminal justice agency personnel responsible for sex offender registration, notification, monitoring, investigating failure to register cases and/or management.• Enhancing registration verification strategies, collaborating with other jurisdictions and agencies on absconder investigations and expanding community education and prevention programs related to sex offender registration, notification or management.• Implementing and enforcing SORNA’s 21-day advance notice of international travel requirement.• Enhancing infrastructure to assist implementation of SORNA, such as the collection, storage, submission or analysis of sex offender biometric data (finger and palm prints) and DNA.
See budget information on page 6 including referenced footnote for more information.Tribal applicants• Tribes that have been found to have substantially implemented SORNA may apply for funding to create, improve and/or sustain registration/notification activities, including but not limited to developing community education programs on sex offender topics (e.g., promoting an understanding of the tribe’s sex offender registration, notification, treatment and community supervision strategies; safety planning; and facts and statistics about sexual offending and offenders), or collaboration with intra-tribal organizations, including victim service agencies, courts, probation, schools and other entities.
An application to fund such a collaborative approach or project must include supporting documentation from the included tribal organizations detailing how the collaboration will be effectuated.
The application should also detail how such strategies will sustain and support the tribe’s sex offender registration and notification program.• Tribes that have been found to have substantially implemented SORNA may apply for funding to develop or enhance their inter-jurisdictional cooperation, including information-sharing infrastructure improvement.• Tribes that have elected to carry out the requirements of SORNA may apply for funding to support SORNA implementation activities that benefit a consortium of tribes that have elected to implement SORNA.
Several tribes may choose to form a consortium to share resources (e.g., hardware, digital fingerprint equipment, kiosks; joint staff or shared registry office space; shared public registry website, etc.) or collaborate on enforcement activities or other facilities used for registration.
An application to fund such a collaborative approach or project must include supporting documentation, such as an interagency agreement, a memorandum of understanding or a letter of cooperation that demonstrates commitment from each member jurisdiction of the consortium.States with tribal jurisdictions within their borders• States may apply to support efforts of local or state units of government, or P.L.
280 tribes, to develop or enhance their sex offender registration and notification functions as they pertain to tribal nations that have been delegated to the state for the purpose of substantial implementation of SORNA.• State jurisdictions that include P.L.
280 tribes are encouraged to design projects that address SORNA implementation as it relates to these tribes.• State jurisdictions that have tribal SORNA jurisdictions within their borders may apply for funding to enhance their collaboration with tribes, including enhancing information sharing such as tribal access to the National Crime Information Center, National Sex Offender Registry.
An application to fund such a collaborative approach or project must include supporting documentation, such as an interagency agreement, a memorandum of understanding or a letter of cooperation that demonstrates the collaborative endeavor from each SORNA jurisdiction involved in the collaboration.Additional Information RequiredState and territory applicants that are penalized for failing to substantially implement SORNA and are eligible to receive Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG) reallocation funding should describe how the proposed project complements the work that the jurisdiction plans to perform with that reallocation funding.
Applicants should ensure that the project involves activities that are separate from or complement the tasks being performed with the SORNA reallocation funding, so as to avoid receiving duplicate funds for the same activity.The Goals, Objectives and Deliverables are directly related to the performance measures that demonstrate the results of the work completed, as discussed in Section D.
Application and Submission Information, under Program Narrative.