The U. S. Antarctic Program (USAP) supports scientific research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, and NSF’s Office of Polar Programs (OPP) provides operational research support for these projects.
OPP’s Antarctic Sciences Section (ANT) supports research to 1) expand fundamental
knowledge of the Antarctic region, 2) improve understanding of interactions between the Antarctic region and global Earth systems, and 3) utilize unique characteristics of the Antarctic continent as an observing platform.
Antarctic fieldwork is supported for research that can only be performed, or is best performed, in Antarctica.
ANT encourages research, using existing samples, data, and models, that does not require fieldwork.
ANT also encourages research that crosses and combines, disciplinary perspectives and approaches.