Basic, Applied, and Advanced Research in Science and Engineering

To: (1) Discover new knowledge and gain better understanding in mathematical, physical, engineering, environmental, and life sciences, and other fields with good, long-term potential for contributing to technology for Department of Defense missions; (2) facilitate transition of research results to practical

application for defense needs; (3) improve linkages between defense research and the civilian technology and industrial bases, to promote commercial application of the results of defense research and commercial availability of technology for defense needs; (4) foster education of future scientists and engineers in disciplines critical to defense; and (5) strengthen the infrastructure for research and related science and engineering education in those disciplines.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects


University research grants in areas such as: Materials degradation and fatigue; hypervelocity flow; organic superconductors; high-frequency microelectronics; biodegradation of military toxic wastes; blue-green optoelectronic emitters; robust geometric calculations; 3-D visualizations and design of large, manufactured objects; 2.

augmentation grants, in conjunction with DoD contracts or grants for research performance, to provide additional research assistantships and increase the number of graduate students receiving research training through defense research; and 3.

instrumentation grants, to allow the purchase of more costly items of research equipment ($50,000 and up) that can usually be funded within single-investigator research awards.

Agency - Department Of Defense

The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of the United States through five major areas: peacekeeping and war-fighting efforts, Homeland Security, evacuation and humanitarian causes.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Program Accomplishments

Numerous research accomplishments and research training for more than 1,000 graduate students in science and engineering areas with a high potential for long-term benefit to defense needs (areas such as electronics and electro-optics; materials science; fluid dynamics; biotechnology; manufacturing-related research; mathematics and computer sciences; and environmental science).

Uses and Use Restrictions

Uses and restrictions are specified in individual program announcements (Broad Agency Announcements, or BAAs) and award documents issued by and codified regulations applicable to awards.

These are submitted at the time of proposal or prior to award, as specified by executive agents.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

As stated in individual BAAs (generally, competitions are open to private and public educational institutions that carry out science and engineering research and/or related science and engineering education on a nonprofit basis).

Some awards are made to other public or privae organizations.

Awards are not made to individuals.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Beneficiaries may include individual graduate and undergraduate students (e.g., recipients of fellowships or research traineeships) in science and engineering disciplines important to defense, as well as institutions described under "Applicant Eligibility."


Recipient eligibility is contingent upon submission of certifications and representations that are required by Federal statutes, executive orders.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

This program is excluded from coverage under E.



Application Procedures

Institutions eligible to compete may submit proposals in response to Broad Agency Announcements (BAAs) that executive agents publish in Federal Business Opportunities ( and circulate broadly to eligible proposers' sponsored-programs offices. Each BAA tells potential proposers what activities will be supported, in which science and engineering areas they will be supported, and how to apply.

Award Procedures

Award decisions are based on a competitive selection of proposals, using a technical merit review. Evaluation criteria are specified in the relevant Broad Agency Announcement. If selected for award, the proposal is the basis for the award document and the applicant agrees to perform the research or research-related activities (e.g., science or engineering education or research infrastructure-building activities) described therein.


Deadlines for submitting proposals are specified in the individual relevant Broad Agency Announcements.


10 U.S.C. 2358, as amended; 10 U.S.C. 2323; 10 U.S.C. 2391 et seq.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Times vary, but award decisions are typically made within 90 to 120 days of receipt of the proposal.


Appeal procedures are specified by the executive agents.


Application for a competitive new award is permitted.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

There are no statutory formulas. Cost-sharing or matching, if required, would be specified in the individual Broad Agency Announcement.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Funding reflects period of performance and may be awarded incrementally.

Post Assistance Requirements


Technical and financial reporting requirements are in accordance with terms and conditions of award documents and with Department of Defense implementation of applicable OMB Circular Nos.

A- 110 and A-102.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," non federal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


Recordkeeping requirements are in accordance with Department of Defense implementation of 12.300; the air force office of Scientific Research (listing 12.800).

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements) FY 07 est $215,000,000; FY 08 est not reported; and FY 09 est not reported. Note: No current information provided by Agency.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$1,000 to $3,000,000. Average: $120,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

See program announcements (Broad Agency Announcements) issued by executive agents.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Not applicable.

Headquarters Office

For information about open competitions or future opportunities, prospective proposers should contact the agents that execute the program. The executive agents are the Army Research Office (see information contacts in listing 12.431 in this Catalog); the Office of Naval Research (listing 12.300); the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (listing 12.800); and the Advanced Research Projects Agency (listing 12.910).

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Generally, the principal evaluation and selection criteria are the technical merits of the proposed research (or research-related activity) and its potential relationship in the long term to missions of the Department of Defense. Other selection criteria vary with the nature of the specific research or research-related activity. Typical examples include: Qualifications of the principal investigator and other key personnel to perform the proposed activity; adequacy of current or planned facilities and equipment to do so; and realism and reasonableness of proposed costs.

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