Indian Schools_Student Transportation

To provide funds to each school for the round trip transportation of students between home and the school site.

Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Funds are provided to each school to provide daily transportation of students to and from school, and for boarding students, transportation at the beginning and end of the year as well as one mid-year round trip home.

Additional funding is provided where miles driven is on unimproved roads.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Education Line Officers' addresses in Catalog Appendix IV.

Program Accomplishments

Annually, more than 20,000 students are provided daily bus transportation to and from tribally-operated schools.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds are to be used only for the transportation of students who are eligible under the Indian School Equalization Program (ISEP) as provided for under 25 CFR 39 and are enrolled in a Bureau funded school or dormitory.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Federally Recognized Indian Tribes or tribal organizations currently served by a Bureau of Indian Affairs funded school.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Children between the ages of 5 and 21 who are members of or are at least a one-fourth degree Indian blood descendant of a member of an Indian tribe which is eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States through the Bureau of Indian Affairs to Indians because of their status as Indians.


Written evidence of approval of the application by the tribal governing body of the students served by or to be served by the school. "Tribal governing body" means the tribal governing body or tribal governing bodies that represent at least 90 percent of the students served by such school.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

An applicant should consult the Agency/Area Education Program Administrator who will provide technical assistance.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

To become a contract school, applications should be developed in accordance with 25 CFR Part 900. To become a grant school, applications should be developed in accordance with 25 USC 2501 et seq.

Award Procedures

The Agency/Area Education Program Administrator will ensure the application is complete and forward the application to the Director, Office of Indian Education Programs, with a recommendation for approval/disapproval.


Schools must submit their applications and a copy of the tribe's approval of the application by March 1. Evidence that all administrative systems are in place such as accounting, personnel and property must be submitted by July 1.


Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, Public Law 93-638, as amended, 25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.; Indian Education Amendments of 1978, Public Law 95-561, 25 U.S.C. 2001 et seq.; Tribally Controlled Schools Act, 25 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Applications for contract schools will be processed within 90 days; applications for grant schools will be processed within 180 days after the date the application is submitted to the Agency/Area Education Program Administrator.


An unsuccessful applicant may request an informal conference with the deciding official, or may appeal the denial of the application to the Interior Board of Indian Appeals, or may bring suit in U.S. District Court. Full appeal procedures are found in 25 CFR Part 900.


Awards are made annually and are renewed automatically based on satisfactory performance by the grantee.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Funds are allocated in accordance with 25 CFR 39 Subpart G. The Director, Office of Indian Education Programs, will review transportation allotment factors each year and make changes in factors based on changes in transportation costs.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Awards are made on an annual basis and the funds remain available until expended by the contractor/grantee. Payments are made in advance or by way of reimbursement.

Post Assistance Requirements


Annual Financial Report, Narrative Report, and a program evaluation by an impartial third party such as an accrediting agency.


For awards made under this program, grantees/contractors are responsible for obtaining audits. All nonfederal entities that expend $500,000 or more of Federal awards in a year ($300,000 for fiscal year ending on or before December 30, 2003) are required to obtain an annual audit in accordance with the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (31 U.S.C. 7501 et. seq.) and OMB Circular A-133, the OMB Circular Compliance Supplement and Government Auditing Standards. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 (for fiscal years ending after December 1, 2003) a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in OMB Circular A-133.


Financial records must be retained for 3 years from the date of submission of the single audit report. Procurement records must be retained for 3 years from the date of final payment. Property records must be retained for 3 years from the date of disposition, replacement, or transfer. Records pertaining to any litigation, audit exceptions or claims must be retained until the dispute has been resolved.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Total amount of awards) FY 07 $29,305,000; FY 08 est $32,734,000; and FY 09 est $32,096,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$2,000 to $1,133,000; $204,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

25 CFR 39; 25 CFR 45; 25 CFR 900.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Education Line Officers' addresses in Catalog Appendix IV.

Headquarters Office

Office of Indian Education Programs, Bureau of Indian Affairs, MS 3609 MIB, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20240. Contact: Joe Herrin, Telephone (202) 208-7658.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Applicants meeting eligibility criteria are funded.

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