Equal Employment Opportunity

To enforce Federal laws providing equal employment opportunities for all without regard to race, religion, national origin, and sex, and to defend the lawfulness and constitutionality of Federally authorized affirmative action programs.

Agency - Department of Justice

The Department of Justice enforces the law and defends the interest of the United States, ensuring public safety against threats foreign and domestic; providing Federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; seeking just punishment for those guilty of unlawful pursuits; and ensuring fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.

Program Accomplishments

In fiscal year 2007, the Civil Rights Division's Employment Litigation Section filed nine Section 706 complaints, two Section 707 complaints and six Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA) complaints. The Section also settled four Section 706 cases, and six USERRA cases.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, as amended, and other Federal Laws and regulations forbid discrimination in employment by private employers, labor organizations, employment agencies, State and local governments and public agencies.

The Attorney General is authorized to sue to enjoin and remedy discrimination in employment by State and local government employers under Title VII.

Upon referral from the Department of Labor, the Attorney General is authorized to sue to enforce the non-discrimination in employment provisions of Executive Order 11246, as amended, with respect to government contractors and subcontractors.

The Section also enforces against state and local government employers and private employers the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 ("USERRA"), which prohibits employers from discriminating or retaliating against an employee or applicant for employment because of such person's past, current or future military obligation.

The Attorney General does not, as such, represent specific individuals, though the public interest is served by obtaining relief for them through pattern or practice or 706 referral lawsuits.

In addition, the Civil Rights Division represents other Federal agencies in challenges to laws and orders that authorize affirmative action in employment, procurement and contracting on federally-assisted projects.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

All persons.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All persons.


Not applicable.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination


This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

Contact the headquarters office listed below.

Award Procedures

Not applicable.


Not applicable.


Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, 42 U.S.C. 2000(e), as amended; Executive Order 11246, September 24, 1965; Reorganization Plan No. 1, 1978. Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not applicable.


Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Not applicable.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Not applicable.

Post Assistance Requirements


Not applicable.


Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Salaries and Expenses) FY 07 est $9,963,000; FY 08 est $10,007,000; and FY 09 est $10,306,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Not applicable.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (1978), 43 F.R. 38290.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Employment Litigation Section, Washington, DC 20530. Telephone: (Voice) (202) 514-3831; 800-578-5404 (TDD). Contact: Office of Public Affairs, Department of Justice. Telephone: (202) 514-2007; (TDD): (202) 514-1888.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not applicable.

Social Entrepreneurship

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Bill Drayton Urges Development of Empathy in Social Entrepreneurship

Bill Drayton, Ashoka founder, coined the phrase “social entrepreneur” instead of almost naming it as “public service entrepreneur”. He strongly encourages empathy especially through the education sector, and explains why having that trait is more important than ever now.

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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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