Tribal Youth Program

To support and enhance tribal efforts for comprehensive delinquency prevention, control, and juvenile justice system improvement for Native American youth.
Examples of Funded Projects

The Suquamish Tribe, Washington is addressing substance abuse related delinquency among Indian youth through a prevention program targeting young people ages 10 to 21.

The program consists of after school activities focusing on teaching youth leadership skills, communication skills, and traditional survival skills.

The program includes cultural activities and opportunities for youth to become involved with the community.

The goal of the activities and skills building is to improve young people's ability to avoid involvement with drugs and alcohol and delinquent behavior, and to strengthen youth, family, and community interactions.s implementing a graduated sanctions program for youth convicted of underage drinking and curfew violations.

The program is administered through the joint effort of the Tribal Court and the Menominee Office of Family Preservation and Support.

Juveniles are referred to the program by the Tribal Court.

The program seeks to reduce recidivism amongst juveniles that enter the program.

The program includes alcohol abuse education classes to teach juveniles about the danger, both physically and spiritually, that alcohol can cause.

The program also provides drug and alcohol abuse assessment and treatment along with a community service component.

Muscogee (Creek) Nation proposes to establish a Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Services Program to provide prevention services to impact risk factors for delinquency and improve its juvenile justice system.

The Nation's proposed project will promote delinquency prevention by providing intervention and education, resource, and support activities to tribal youth identified as at-risk; provide advocacy to tribal youth entering the state juvenile justice system; and develop and implement juvenile probation services.

During the three year project period, the Nation will provide the following: delinquency prevention services, including individual/family needs assessment, service plan development, and individual/family home-based counseling, to at least seventy-five 12-17; advocacy to at least thirty (30) youth under the age of 17 entering the State of Oklahoma juvenile justice system; and probation services, including home visits, community service, and case management, to between 10-15 youth under the age of 17, who are identified as delinquent by the Nation's District Court.

The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma intend to develop a program that will reduce the high incidence of violence among the Tribal Youth that reside within the eight county service area through a community-based approach.

The project will be developed in order to prevent the widespread use of alcohol and drugs through the use of education awareness, recreational activities, and tradition/cultural activities by developing on-site classes and on-site activities in the four target communities during the summer months for the tribal youth, ages 6 - 17.

The other objective of this grant shall be to reduce the high incidence of school truancy, the high percentage rate of dropouts from the local school system through increased awareness of the importance of a formal education from the local school districts.

The project will work with the whole family unit by providing a Mentor within the communities that will strive to increase the self-esteem of the Cheyenne and Arapaho students, and to reduce the incidence of child neglect, teen pregnancy, through the use of Parenting Skills Training and Sex Education classes.

The Southern Ute Indian Tribe in Colorado is attempting to reduce delinquency and substance abuse among at-risk and court-involved Native American youth.

Using FY04 Tribal Youth Program funds, the Southern Ute Tribe is supporting the collaborative efforts of two tribal government departments (the Southern Ute Social Services Division and the Southern Ute Tribal Court) and a tribally affiliated nonprofit (Youth Services Division of SouthernUteCommunity Action Programs, Inc.) to address juvenile delinquency on multiple fronts.

The program, which serves approximately 85 juveniles a year (ages 8 to 17), includes a variety of elements such as an evidence-based parenting program which aims to improve the communication, problem solving, and life skills of at-risk youth and their parents, and a Teen Court which allows Native American youth to participate in the sentencing portion of certain juvenile misdemeanor and felony cases.

In addition, the Teen Court is developing its sentencing procedures to use sentencing circles, a process that engages youth in meaningful interactions with defendants and is design d t icrease their connection to the community.

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community of Washington is a relatively small rural community, gripped by significant drug and alcohol abuse.

Recognizing the importance of stemming the tide of youth substance abuse and delinquent behavior, the Swinomish Tribal Community has established a team of tribal court and social services personnel to plan and implement the Swinomish Youth Wellness Court (SYWC).

The focus is to improve the tribal juvenile justice system and provide alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs.

The expected target population for the SYWC is youths between the ages of 12 and 17.

There are currently 64 tribal members within the target age and 228 members under the age of 18.

It is anticipated that the SYWC will provide services to 10 to 15 clients yearly when fully operational.

Agency - Department of Justice

The Department of Justice enforces the law and defends the interest of the United States, ensuring public safety against threats foreign and domestic; providing Federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; seeking just punishment for those guilty of unlawful pursuits; and ensuring fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Program Accomplishments

Tribal Youth Program: In fiscal year 2004, OJJDP awarded TYP grants totaling $108.7 million to 3929 American Indian and Alaskan Native tribal communities to develop programs to prevent and control youth violence and substance abuse. Awards ranged from $300,000 to $500,000 and were based on the size of the population the tribe serves. A broad spectrum of geographically diverse tribal communities responded to the TYP solicitation, an indication that OJJDP is achieving its goal of working with tribes and communities of various population sizes and geographic locations. OJJDP also noted a marked increase in the number of applications from Alaska and in the number of first-time applicants for TYP funds, another indication that the Office's outreach efforts are succeeding. Tribal Youth Mental Health Initiative: OJJDP is also supporting a mental health program, which will provide diagnostic and treatment services to tribal youth involved in juvenile justice systems. The four objectives of this program are the same as those of the Tribal Youth Program discussed above, except that each objective must have a specific mental health and juvenile justice focus. OJJDP awarded grants under this program to nine American Indian and Alaskan Native tribal communities. The grants totaled nearly $1 million in awards up to $300,000. Research Projects: OJJDP also supports a number of research and evaluation activities through the Tribal Youth Program. Based on suggestions and feedback from numerous meetings and focus groups with Indian practitioners and researchers, OJJDP established three principles to guide the TYP research and evaluation activities it funds. First, the research should provide practical results that are useful to the parties who are the focus of the research. Second, the projects should include local community members in decision making and in implementing the project. Third, researchers must understand and be sensitive to local customs, traditions, value, and history. OJJDP's TYP research activities, which will provide empirical evidence about juvenile justice and delinquency prevention policies and practice for American Indian and Alaska Native youth.

Uses and Use Restrictions

To reduce, control, and prevent crime both by and against tribal youth; to provide interventions for court-involved tribal youth; to improve tribal juvenile justice systems; and to provide prevention programs focusing on alcohol and drugs.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Applications are only invited from Federally recognized tribes and Alaskan Native villages, however, tribes and villages may partner with others as applicable.

If partnering with others, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) should be submitted with the application.

Additionally, one tribe must be chosen as the primary agency for funding and reporting purposes.

Only tribal governments and tribal organizations that have a tribal resolution sharing the endorsement of the tribal government are eligible to apply.

A tribal resolution must be included with the application.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All Federally recognized tribes and Alaskan Native villages.


Each applicant must submit a completed application, including signed assurances that it will comply with statutory and administrative requirements.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination


This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

OJP requires that applications for funding be submitted through OJP's Grants Management System (GMS). Access the system at The receipt, review, and analysis of applications will follow Office of Justice Programs policies and procedures for the administration of grant applications.

Award Procedures

A letter with copies of the grant award are sent to the applicant tribe upon approval by the Office of Justice Programs. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.


Consult the Application Kit or contact the Demonstration Programs Division, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in the Office of Justice Programs for application deadlines. Telephone: (202) 307-5911 or 5914.


Departments of Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, Public Law 105-277.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Applications will generally be approved within 45-60 days of receipt of a complete application.


Hearing and appeal procedures will follow 28 CFR Part 18, of the Department of Justice Regulations.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements


Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Awards are made for 36 months.

Post Assistance Requirements


Quarterly financial and semiannually progress reports are required.


All tribes that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in any fiscal year must have a single audit for that year in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-133, as amended. These audits are due to the Office of the Comptroller and the Federal Audit Clearinghouse no later than thirteen (13) months after the close of each fiscal year during the term of the award (for fiscal years beginning on/after July 1, 1998, audit report packages are due nine (9) months after the close of the fiscal year.


In accordance with the requirement set forth in 28 CFR Parts 66 and 70, grantees must maintain all financial reports and other supporting documents pertinent to the award for at least 3 years following the close of the most recent audit.

Financial Information

Account Identification



FY 07 $9,872,280; FY 08 $14,100,000; and FY 09 est not available.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance


Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

OJP Financial Guide.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, 810 7th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20531. Telephone: (202) 307-5924. Contact: Laura Ansera, Program Manager, State and Tribal Assistance Division. Telephone: (202) 307-5924.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Applicants will be evaluated and rated by a modified peer review process according to prescribed selection criteria.

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