Swift and Certain Sanctions/Replicating the Concepts Behind Project HOPE

There are multiple states, counties, cities, and tribes that are interested in implementing "Swift and Certain" (SAC) models of supervision with offenders in the community.

This interest has grown out of the potential promise that these SAC models have shown in effectively reducing recidivism

credit: Flickr
and preventing crime.

In particular, Hawaii s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) program has been shown to have promise, and as a result there is significant interest and activity in implementing this and other SAC models of supervision.

SAC models are intended to: (a) improve supervision strategies that reduce recidivism; (b) promote and increase collaboration among agencies and officials who work in community corrections and related fields; (c) enhance the offenders perception that the supervision decisions are fair, consistently applied and consequences are transparent; and (d) improve the outcomes of individuals participating in these initiatives.

The goals of this program are to develop and enhance SAC initiatives and implement these SAC models with fidelity, resulting in reduced recidivism and better outcomes for program participants.

The objectives of this SAC program are to:

• Improve supervision strategies that will reduce recidivism, including improvement in criminal thinking.
• Increase the number of supervision decisions that are fair, consistently applied, and consequences are transparent.
• Promote and increase collaboration among agencies and officials who work in probation, parole, pretrial, law enforcement, treatment, reentry, and related community corrections fields.
• Develop and implement strategies for the identification, targeting, supervision, and treatment of "high-risk/high-needs" offenders who are being supervised in the community.

• Increase the number of participants in the program who believe that the supervision decisions are fair, consistently applied, and consequences are transparent.

• Demonstrate the use and efficacy of SAC practices and principles to improve the delivery of supervision strategies and practices.
Related Programs16.812 Second Chance Act Prisoner Reentry InitiativeExamples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2013: In FY 2011, the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) teamed up to replicate Hawaii"s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) program.

NIJ is funding the evaluation of the BJA demonstration sites.

The four sites selected for this DFE are geographically located in the Northwest, the Northeast, and two in the Southwest.

This DFE is rigorously testing whether the HOPE probation model can promote the successful completion of probation for high-risk probationers.

This project is still in progress.

Fiscal Year 2014: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available

Agency - Department of Justice

The Department of Justice enforces the law and defends the interest of the United States, ensuring public safety against threats foreign and domestic; providing Federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; seeking just punishment for those guilty of unlawful pursuits; and ensuring fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.

Website Address


Program Accomplishments

Not Applicable.

Uses and Use Restrictions

The assistance can be used to support the implementation and enhancement of SAC/HOPE program models.

Allowable uses for award funds can include the following activities to help state, local, and tribal agencies develop or improve their SAC programs:
• Support the Project Coordinator position.
• Overtime for:
o Court staff to complete paperwork
o Community corrections staff to expedite bench warrant service
o Community corrections officers and/or law enforcement officers to apprehend absconders
• The development, implementation, and maintenance of a color code hotline.
• The development of a robust, onsite, rapid drug-screening process.

• Costs for onsite urine analysis testing.

• Costs for offsite urine analysis testing.

• Additional BJA-approved contracted jail space, if needed.

• Travel costs for SAC Team members to attend BJA-approved SAC trainings, project meetings, and peer-to-peer meetings (provide an estimate based on a 4-person team, spending 2 days in Washington, DC).
• Other BJA-approved SAC project costs.

In addition to the unallowable costs identified in the OJP Financial Guide, award funds may not be used for the following:
• Prizes/rewards/entertainment/trinkets (or any type of monetary incentive)
• Client stipends
• Gift cards
• Vehicles
• Food and beverage
• Costs that do not support approved project activities.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

See objectives for additional information.

Beneficiary Eligibility

See objectives for additional information.


The application must include: Application for Federal Assistance (Standard Form 424); Program Abstract; Program Narrative; Budget and Budget Narrative. OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

OMB Circular No. A-102 applies to this program. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. Applicants must submit completed applications via the Office of Justice Programs, Grants Management System or through grants.gov following established criteria. The receipt, review, and analysis of applications will follow Office of Justice Programs policies and procedures for the administration of grant applications. Specific application instructions for solicitations are available at the Office of Justice Programs web site (http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm).

Award Procedures

Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General, successful applicants are notified via the Grants Management System. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 (P.L. 113-76), Public Law 113-76.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 60 to 90 days.


Not Applicable.


Supplemental funding may be available in future years.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula.
Matching requirements are not applicable to this program.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

The award period may be between 12 and 18 months. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Automated drawdown system. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/release: Office of Justice Programs Financial Guide 2011 (www.ojp.usdoj.gov/financialguide/index.htm) and Post Award Instructions (www.ojp.usdoj.gov/funding/pdfs/post_award_instructions.pdf).

Post Assistance Requirements


No program reports are required.

No cash reports are required.

Recipients are required to submit semi-annual Progress Reports.

Recipients are required to submit quarterly Financial Reports.

To assist in fulfilling the Departments responsibilities under the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), Public Law 103-62, and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, Public Law 111-352, recipients must provide data that measures the results of their work.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133. OMB Circular A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit Organizations (includes revisions published in the Federal Register 06/27/2003 and 06/26/2007) http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_default/

Payments and transactions are subject to audits by the Government Accountability Office, Department of Justice s Office of the Inspector General, state or local government auditors, and auditors from independent public accounting firms. Jurisdictions must follow their local policies and procedures, including maintenance of reliable and accurate accounting systems, record keeping, and systems of internal control.


Recipients of federal funds are expected to retain documentation supporting all program transactions for at least 3 years after the closure of audit reports related to such funding. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit, or other action involving records has been started before the expiration of the 3-year period, the records must be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all related issues, or until the end of the regular 3-year period, whichever is later.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants) FY 13 $0; FY 14 est $4,000,000; and FY 15 est $10,000,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Award amounts may be up to $350,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

View solicitation at OJP Funding Opportunities
OJP Financial Guide 2013 www.ojp.usdoj.gov/financialguide/index.htm;
Post award Instructions www.ojp.usdoj.gov/funding/pdfs/post_award_instructions.pdf; and, applicable OMB Circulars, and Department of Justice regulations applicable to specific types of grantees, which can be found in title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations (28 C.F.R.).

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

C. Edward Banks U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Assistance
810 7th Street, NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20531 Email: edward.banks@usdoj.gov Phone: 202-616-6500

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Criteria are described in the OJP Program Announcement available at http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm.

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