WIA Adult Program

The purpose of this program is to improve the quality of the workforce, reduce welfare dependency, and enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the nation's economy by providing workforce investment activities that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants, and increase
occupational skill attainment by the participants.

This program is designed to increase employment, as measured by entry into unsubsidized employment, retention in unsubsidized employment after entry into employment, and earnings.

For cross-cutting goals, the program intends to enhance customer satisfaction for participants and for employers.

The employment goals will be measured using Unemployment Insurance Wage Records systems and customer satisfaction goals will be measured by sampling.

Agency - Department of Labor

The Department of Labor fosters and promotes the welfare of job seekers, wage earners and retirees by improving their working conditions, advancing their opportunities, protecting their retirement and health benefits and generally protecting worker rights and monitoring national economic measures.

Office - Contact appropriate Regional Employment and Training Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Website Address


Program Accomplishments

The Program Year 2005 WIA Adult program served 1,052,611 participants. Of those who exited the program, 134,005 entered employment. The entered employment rate was 77 percent. Program accomplishments are published annually and posted on the Internet at: http://www.doleta.gov/performance/results/wia_national_performance.cfm. A copy of the report may be obtained by writing to: Office of Workforce Investment, Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20210.

Uses and Use Restrictions

The Act specifies that most services for adults will be provided through One Stop Career Centers.

The Act authorizes three levels of service.

which are available to all jobseekers.

"Core" services include outreach, job search, placement assistance, and labor market information, and are available to all jobseekers.

"Intensive" services include more comprehensive assessments, development of individual employment plans and counseling, and career planning, and are available to all those who could not find employment through core services.

Those customers who cannot find employment through intensive services may receive "training" services linked to job opportunities in their communities, including both occupational training and training in basic skills.

To promote customer choice and involvement in career decisions, participants use an "individual training account" to select an appropriate training program from a qualified training provider.

The Act also authorizes the provision of supportive services (e.g., transportation and child care assistance) to enable an individual to participate in the program.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Under WIA, the organizations eligible to receive funding from the Department are the 50 States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas.

Funds are allotted based on a statutory formula.

The states in turn allocate funds to local workforce investment boards (approximately 600), by formula.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All adults 18 years and older are eligible for core services. Priority for intensive and training services must be given to recipients of public assistance and other low-income individuals where funds are limited. States and local areas are responsible for establishing procedures for applying the priority requirements.


Formula-funded programs are subject to Governor/Secretary Agreement and State Plan. States sign a grant document agreeing to comply with the Act and regulations for the formula-allotted program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the state requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the state has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

The governor submits a single Strategic State Plan in accordance with one of the Planning Guidances, either Stand-Alone or Unified, issued through the Federal Register. The Planning Guidances provide detailed instruction on what must be included in the State Plan. The Unified Planning Guidance provides a framework for collaboration across programs and integration of services beyond WIA Title I programs and Wagner-Peyser Activities, including non-DOL programs and other ETA and non-ETA DOL programs. The plan is submitted to the Federal Coordinator for Plan Review and Approval currently Janet Sten, Division of Workforce System Support, Office of Workforce Investment, Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Room S-4231, Washington, DC 20210.

Award Procedures

Those portions of the State Plan over which the Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training exercises authority are reviewed and approved by the Employment and Training Administration. Formula funds are awarded to the states based on a statutory formula provided in the authorizing legislation.


Each State shall submit its State Plan on or before the date set by the Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training. Contact headquarters office for an application deadline date.


Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), Title I, Subtitle B, Chapter 5, Public Law 105-220, 20 U.S.C. 9201.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

State plans will be reviewed in accordance with 20 CFR 661.220(e), which provides that the Secretary must approve all state plans within 90 days of their submission, unless the Secretary determines in writing that: (1) the State Plan is in consistent with the provisions of Title I of WIA or the WIA regulations, including 29 CFR Part 37; or (2) the portion of the State Plan impacting the Wagner-Peyser Act plan does not satisfy the criteria for approval in Section 8(d) of the Wagner-Peyser Act or the Wagner-Peyser Act regulations at 20 CFR Part 652.


Contact the Headquarters Office to obtain information on appeal procedures.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Adult Activities funds are allocated to states under the formula described in the Act, which includes three factors based on the distribution of unemployed individuals and disadvantaged adults by State.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Formula funds are allotted every year to a State in two portions during a program year and are available for expenditure by the State for that program year and the two succeeding program years.

Post Assistance Requirements


Financial and performance reporting requirements as specified by the Secretary in accordance with 20 CFR 667.300.


Subject to audits by the Department of Labor or other authorized Government agencies. In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), Audits of states, local governments, and nonprofit organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


States are required to maintain adequate records in accordance with 29 CFR 95 and 97.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 07 $864,000,000; FY 08 est $850,000,000; and FY 09 est $712,000,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance


Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

20 CFR Part 652 et al, WIA; Final Rules Federal Register, Friday, August 11, 2000.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Contact appropriate Regional Employment and Training Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Office of Workforce Investment, Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20210. Contact: Christine Ollis, Division Chief, Adult Services, Room S-4209. Telephone: (202) 693-3046.

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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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