Appalachian Regional Development (See individual
Appalachian Programs)

To help the regional economy become more competitive by putting in place the building blocks for self-sustaining economic development, while continuing to provide special assistance to the Region's most distressed counties and areas.

This program focuses on activities which support ARC's mission
to be a strategic partner and advocate for sustainable community and economic development.

Activities funded must advance ARC's strategic plan.

Specific program goals are: (1) Increase job opportunities and per capita income in Appalachia to reach parity with the nation; (2) Strengthen the capacity of the people of Appalachia to compete in the global economy; (3) Develop and improve Appalachia's infrastructure to make the Region economically competitive; and (4) Build the Appalachian Development Highway System to reduce Appalachia's isolation.

Specific objectives were developed for each goal.

Grants are made either directly by the Commission or grants may supplement other Federal grants.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects


Agency - Appalachian Regional Commission

Office - See Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Website Address

Program Accomplishments

See individual Appalachian programs for output information.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Appalachian funds enable the States and local areas to develop networks of facilities and services.

Individual programs following this description illustrate the types of investments that can be made.

In considering programs and projects to be given assistance under this Act, and in establishing a priority ranking of the requests for assistance presented to the Commission (ARC), the ARC follows procedures insuring consideration of the following factors: (1) The relationship of the project or class of projects to overall regional development and the reduction of economic distress; (2) the population and area to be served including the relative per capita income and the unemployment rates in the area; (3) the relative financial resources available to the State or political subdivision or instrumentalities thereof which seek to undertake the project; (4) the importance of the project or class of projects in relation to other activities which may compete for the same funds; (5) the prospects that the project for which assistance is sought will improve the opportunities for sustained employment, income growth, or socioeconomic development of the area; and (6) the degree and manner of private sector involvement.

No financial assistance can be used to assist establishments relocating from one area to another.

Each State is required to file a State Appalachian development plan, appraising prospects for development in its Appalachian area and relating to them a strategic program for which Appalachian funding is requested in that year.

Once an application is submitted for the individual projects and given final approval, the grant is administered either by the basic Federal agency involved in that type of program or directly by the ARC.

The counties (including any political subdivision located within such area)in which investment under the Appalachian Act (40 U.S.C.

14102) can be made are: in Alabama, the counties of Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Pickens, Randolph, Saint Clair, Shelby, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, and Winston; in Georgia, the counties of Banks, Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Catoosa, Chattooga, Cherokee, Dade, Dawson, Douglas, Elbert, Fannin, Floyd, Forsyth, Franklin, Gilmer, Gordon, Gwinnet, Habersham, Hall, Haralson, Hart, Heard, Jackson, Lumpkin, Madison, Murray, Paulding, Pickens, Polk, Rabun, Stephens, Towns, Union, Walker, White, and Whitfield; in Kentucky, the counties of Adair, Bath, Bell, Boyd, Breathitt, Carter, Casey, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cumberland, Edmonson, Elliott, Estill, Fleming, Floyd, Garrard, Green, Greenup, Harlan, Hart, Jackson, Johnson, Knott, Knox, Laurel, Lawrence, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Lewis, Lincoln, McCreary, Madison, Magoffin, Martin, Menifee, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Owsley, Perry, Pike, Powell, Pulaski, Rockcastle, Rowan, Russell, Wayne, Whitley, and Wolfe; in Maryland, the counties of Allegany, Garrett, and Washington; in Mississippi, the counties of Alcorn, Benton, Calhoun, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Clay, Itawamba, Kemper, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Montgomery, Monroe, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Panola, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Tippah, Tishomingo, Union, Webster, Winston, and Yalobusha; in New York, the counties of Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chautauqa, Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Otsego, Schoharie, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, and Tompkins; in North Carolina, the counties of Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Cherokee, Clay, Davie, Forsyth, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Stokes, Surry, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, Yadkin, and Yancey; in Ohio, the counties of Adams, Athens, Belmont, Brown, Carroll, Clermont, Columbiana, Coshocton,Gallia,Guernsey,Harrison, Highland, Hocking, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Muskingum, Noble, Perry, Pike, Ross, Scioto, Tuscarawas, Vinton, and Washington; in Pennsylvania, the counties of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Blair, Bradford, Butler, Cambria, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Clarion, Clearfield, Clinton, Columbia, Crawford, Elk, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lawrence, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montour, Northumberland, Perry, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Venango, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland, and Wyoming; in South Carolina, the counties of Anderson, Cherokee, Greenville, Oconee, Pickens, and Spartanburg; in Tennessee, the counties of Anderson, Bledsoe, Blount, Bradley, Campbell, Cannon, Carter, Claiborne, Clay, Cocke, Coffee, Cumberland, De Kalb, Fentress, Franklin, Grainger, Greene, Grundy, Hamblen, Hamilton, Hancock, Hawkins, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Loudon, McMinn, Macon, Marion, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Overton, Pickett, Polk, Putman, Rhea, Roane, Scott, Sequatchie, Sevier, Smith, Sullivan, Unicoi, Union, Van Buren, Warren, Washington, and White; in Virginia, the counties of Alleghany, Bath, Bland, Botetourt, Buchanan, Carroll, Craig, Dickenson, Floyd, Giles, Grayson, Highland, Lee, Montgomery, Pulaski, Rockbridge, Russell, Scott, Smyth, Tazewell, Washington, Wise, and Wythe; all the counties of West Virginia.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

States, and through the States, public bodies and private nonprofit organizations.

All proposed projects must meet the requirements of the State Appalachian plan and the annual State strategy statement, both of which must be approved annually by the Commission.

Beneficiary Eligibility

General public.


(See individual Appalachian program descriptions.)

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

General Nature and Administration of Appalachian Regional Development Program.

The Appalachian Regional Development program is a joint Federal-State partnership for the development of the Appalachian region.

Responsibility for the development of plans and programs authorized under the Act is vested in the ARC, composed of the 13 State Governors (who may appoint alternates) and a Federal Co-Chairman.

General policies and procedures, and the allocation of Appalachian funds among the various programs and States are established by the ARC.

Application for assistance may only be made through a State member of the ARC.

The State Alternate's Offices are the coordinators for the Governors for Appalachian investments.

Preapplication conferences can determine within a few weeks if the project conforms to the State Appalachian Development Plan.

The appropriate local development district director should be the first contact.

The State Alternate's Offices will provide guidance on specific problems and technical assistance in the preparation of applications.

(See individual Appalachian program descriptions.) This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

Applications for individual projects must be submitted through and with the approval of the State Alternate to the Appalachian Regional Commission (listed in the appendix). (See individual Appalachian program description.)

Award Procedures

Upon receipt of project applications approved by the State, the Federal Co-Chairman determines that the project satisfies all requirements for assistance under the Act and approves the application. If a basic Federal agency will administer the project, it is then notified and will disburse funds when appropriate. The ARC notifies Congressional offices and the office of the Governor of grant awards. (See individual Appalachian program descriptions.)


(See individual Appalachian Program descriptions.)


Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965, Public Law 89-4, as amended, 40 U.S.C. 14101-14704; Appalachian Regional Development Act Amendments of 2002, Public Law 107-149.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

(See individual Appalachian program descriptions.)


There are no appeal procedures as such, project review allows for full and free interchange with applicants.


Generally renewals are not applicable except for administrative expenses, including technical services, of local development districts (23.009).

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

See individual Appalachian program descriptions. This program has maintenance of effort (MOE) requirements; see funding agency for further details.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Not applicable except for operating assistance beyond start-up and the first year of operation.

Post Assistance Requirements


Reporting and performance monitoring as required by the basic Federal agency or ARC for those programs directly administered by the Commission.

The Commission requires semi-annual reports of local development districts and technical assistance grants and annual reports on housing grants.

(See individual Appalachian program descriptions.)


Audits are required by the basic Federal agency and the Commission. In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non- Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


Records generally are required by the basic Federal agency, but see local development districts (23.009).

Financial Information

Account Identification



FY 06 $ not separately identifiable. FY 07 $ not separately identifiable. FY 08 $ estimate not available. (Obligations under individual ARC programs).

Range and Average of Financial Assistance


Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

"The Appalachian Regional Commission Code" (limited distribution); "Appalachian Regional Commission Project Guidelines" (limited distribution); applicable State Appalachian Plans and Guidelines; "Appalachia" - a Journal devoted to the special problems of regional development; Performance and Accountability Reports, no charge.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Inquiries and proposals for projects should be submitted to the Appalachian State office designated by the Governor. See address appendix. Address other inquiries to: Executive Director, Appalachian Regional Commission, 1666 Connecticut Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20009. Telephone: (202) 884-7700. Use the same number for FTS.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals


Social Entrepreneurship

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