To support Surveys, Studies, Research, Investigations, Demonstrations and Special Purpose assistance relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, and control of air pollution to include such topics as air quality, acid deposition, climate change, global
programs, indoor environments, radiation, mobile source technology and community-driven approaches to transportation and emissions reduction.
Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2008: (1) Indoor Environments.
This activity will support surveys, studies, research, and/or investigations or demonstrations, performed by concerned, national, non-profit organizations that lead to effective outreach strategies to educate key audiences about indoor air pollutants and their associated health risks, and convince them to adopt effective mitigation and control strategies.
Currently, the Program focuses on several critical aspects of indoor air quality that pose significant risks to public health, and in particular, to children and to other disproportionately impacted segments of society.
These include: reducing the exposure of children and others with asthma to indoor triggers that worsen their condition; promoting the adoption of operation and maintenance practices in schools throughout the nation to reduce the harmful effects of poor indoor air quality on the health of students and staff; promoting voluntary radon testing by homeowners to identify elevated levels and fix them when they are found, as well as working with homebuilders to incorporate radon resistant construction features into new homes; and encouraging adult smokers to protect their children from the adverse health effects of environmental exposure to secondhand smoke by making a conscious decision to smoke outside and keep their homes and cars smokefree.
This activity currently manages a national environmental radiation monitoring program, is prepared for and responds to incidents involving nuclear or radiological material, oversees the safe disposal of radioactive waste, maintains two laboratories that allow for radiological sampling and analyses, and provides standards for protecting human health and the environment from radioactive material.
Activities could include performance testing and evaluation, analytical procedures, radiation laboratory equipment.
This demonstration pilot activity supports and enhances state radiological laboratory capability and capacity to reduce the gap in capability to analyze environmental samples following a significant national radiological incident.
Key activities include audits and proficiency testing, provision of radiological instrumentation, supplies, training, and limited facilities upgrades.
(3) Community-Scale Air Toxics Ambient Monitoring (CSATAM).
The CSATAM Grant Program results in discreet two-year projects designed to assist state, local and tribal communities in identifying and profiling air toxics sources, characterizing the degree and extent of local air toxics problems, and tracking progress of air toxics reduction activities in specific local areas without reliance on often uncertain estimates of emissions and air dispersion models.
Further, these grants typically allow the recipient state, local, and tribal air pollution control agencies to establish or enhance hazardous air pollutant monitoring networks, thus providing long term capability to investigate and assess specific local air quality scenarios of concern.
Note that from year to year, this program may establish categories of projects and funding targets within those categories.
(4) Mobile Sources Technologies.
Grants will encompass studies and investigations utilizing state-of-the-art experimental techniques in advanced engine development technology, including hydraulic hybrid drivetrains, to optimize fuel economy, reduce exhaust emissions (including PM and NOx), and improve performance.
Additional grants will support studiesidentifying barriers to technological innovation, analyzing innovative strategies for overcoming these barriers, and encouraging the development and adoption of new vehicle and fuel technologies for the control of emissions.
(5) Heavy Duty Truck Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions.
This program will study and analyze fuel consumption and emissions reductions associated with the use of innovative technologies for heavy duty diesel trucks.
Studies and evaluations will involve truck fleets that operate under varying conditions, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of the various technologies.
(6) National Internet-based On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) Information Exchange.
This program will support activities that maintain, update, and improve the Internet-based information clearinghouse to facilitate the accurate and timely exchange of technical information related to on-board diagnostic (OBD) between state inspection/maintenance programs, the automotive industry, and the general public.
(7) Climate Change.
This is a voluntary program that supports activities relating to improving economic, technical and programmatic understanding of climate change.
The Climate Change Division supports projects relating to technical, outreach, and education about climate change impacts, mitigation and adaptation options so that the private and public sectors may more effectively and comprehensively address their climate goals.
The Climate Change Division supports projects that break down market barriers that limit investment in technologies that reduce methane and non-CO2 greenhouse gases; projects that address the technical issues surrounding sequestration and carbon storage; projects that address collection and analyses of economic data relating to climate change; and programs such as Methane to Markets that support climate technology transfer in developing and transition countries.
(8) Climate Protection Partnerships.
This is a voluntary government/industry partnership program designed to capitalize on the opportunities that consumers, businesses, and organizations have for making sound investments in efficient equipment, policies, and practices.
During FY 2008, the Global Climate Change program managed a number of efforts to remove barriers in the marketplace and to deploy technology faster in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy.
Our programs work by overcoming widely acknowledged barriers to energy efficiency: lack of clear, reliable information on technology opportunities; lack of awareness of energy efficient products and services; lack of financing options to turn lifecycle energy savings into initial cost savings for consumers; low incentives to manufacturers for efficiency research and development.
In addition, our Global Climate Change programs provided technical assistance, training, information exchange and other forms of cooperation to enhance the capabilities of governments and other stakeholders to protect human health and the environment regionally and globally.