Temporally Integrated Monitoring of Ecosystems (TIME) and Long-Term Monitoring (LTM) Program

To conduct and promote the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, demonstrations, surveys, studies relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention and control of air pollution.

Clean Water Act section 104(b)(3) authorizes
EPA to award grants to conduct and promote the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys and studies relating to the causes, effects, extent, prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution.

EPA will award cooperative agreements to study the ecological response to pollution reduction and emissions control programs.

The programs will assist in understanding biogeochemical changes in sulfur, nitrogen, mercury, and carbon in streams and lakes in relation to changing pollutant emissions and deposition, as well as other factors, such as potential climate change (e.g., temperature, precipitation, timing of storm events).

Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2010: The President"s FY2010 Budget requested the transfer of funds for operation of the TIME/LTM programs from the Office of Research and Development (ORD) to the Clean Air Markets Division (CAMD) in the Office of Atmospheric Programs (OAP) within the Office of Air and Radiation (OAR).

The TIME/LTM programs will support initiatives that demonstrate the potential for tracking and understanding the ecological response to air pollution reduction programs in acid-sensitive regions of the U.S.

Funding will be available for applicants that demonstrate the ability to provide consistent, reliable, quality-assured data from lakes and streams for a variety of surface water chemistry parameters (e.g., pH, sulfate and nitrate concentrations, acid neutralizing capacity, aluminum concentrations, base cations).
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2009: Not applicable.

Fiscal Year 2010: No projects have yet been funded under this program.

Examples of eligible projects include (but are not limited to): monitoring of small headwaters streams in undeveloped watersheds; monitoring of lakes smaller than four hectares with low acid neutralizing capacity levels in acid-sensitive regions; monitoring of lake and stream sulfate and nitrate concentrations in acid-sensitive regions of the eastern U.S.

Fiscal Year 2011: No Current Data Available

Agency - Environmental Protection Agency

The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.

Program Accomplishments

Not Applicable.

Uses and Use Restrictions

EPA will implement this grant authority by awarding cooperative agreements to state and local governments, institutions of higher education, and quasi-public and non-profit organizations that demonstrate the capability to perform the sampling, measurement, and parameter characterization of the lakes and streams in this long-term ecological system response program.

Assistance agreement awards under this program may involve or relate to geospatial information.

Further information regarding geospatial information may be obtained by viewing the following website: http://geodata.epa.gov.

Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to adopt and enforce policies that ban text messaging while driving company-owned or -rented vehicles or government-owned vehicles, or while driving privately-owned vehicles when on official government business or when performing any work for or on behalf of the government.

Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to conduct initiatives of the type described in section 3(a) of the Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging While Driving Executive Order that was signed on October 1, 2009.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Assistance under this program is generally available to States, local governments, territories, Indian Tribes, and possessions of the U.S.

(including the District of Columbia); public and private universities and colleges; hospitals; laboratories; public or private nonprofit institutions; intertribal consortia; and individuals.

Nonprofit organizations described in Section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code that engage in lobbying activities as defined in Section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 are not eligible to apply.

An intertribal consortium must meet the definition of eligibility in the Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Final Rule, at 40 CFR 35.504 (66 FR 3782.

January 16, 2001) (FRL-6929-5) and be a non-profit organization within the meaning of OMB Circular A-122.

For certain competitive funding opportunities under this CFDA description, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency"s Assistance Agreement Competition Policy.

Beneficiary Eligibility

State and local governments in acid-sensitive regions of the U.S., institutions of higher education, scientific research community, general public.


No Credentials or documentation are required. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this program description, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement.

For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts" or see Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

OMB Circular No. A-102 applies to this program. OMB Circular No. A-110 applies to this program. The standard application forms as furnished by the Federal agency and required by OMB Circular No. A-102 are applicable. In addition, EPA requires final applications to be made on Standard Form 424, Application for Federal Assistance. Requests for application kits must be submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency, Grants and Interagency Agreements Management Division, 3903R, Washington, DC 20460. Standard Form 424 is also available for download at EPA"s Office of Grants and Debarment (OGD) web site, http://www.epa.gov/ogd/AppKit/application.htm, from www.grants.gov . Applicants may be able to use http://www.grants.gov to electronically apply for certain grant opportunities under this CFDA.

Award Procedures

For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Clean Water Act, Section 104(b)(3); Clean Air Act, Section 103(b)(3); National Environmental Policy Act, Section 102(2)(F).

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Approximately 180 days.


Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts." Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 40 CFR 30.63 or 40 CFR 31.70, as applicable.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula.
This program has no matching requirements. While there is no statutory or regulatory cost sharing requirement for this program, as a matter of policy the Agency may impose a cost sharing requirement in specific competitions. If the Agency decides to do this, the cost sharing terms will be stated in Section III of the competitive announcement.
This program has no matching requirements.
This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

EPA normally funds assistance agreements on a 12-month basis. However, EPA can negotiate the project period with each applicant based on project requirements. EPA limits project periods to 7 years. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Assistance agreements may be incrementally (quarterly) or fully (lump sum) funded.

Post Assistance Requirements


Grantees are required to submit program reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Monitoring and Reporting Program Performance requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30, as applicable.

Grantees are required to submit financial reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Financial Reporting and Financial Management Systems requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30, as applicable.

Grantees are required to submit progress reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Monitoring and Reporting Program Performance requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30, as applicable.

No expenditure reports are required.

Grantees are required to perform performance monitoring in accordance with Agency policy and requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30, as applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133. Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year.


Recipients must keep financial records, including all documents supporting entries on accounting records and to substantiate changes in grants available to personnel authorized to examine EPA recipients" grants or cooperative agreements records. Recipients must maintain all records until 3 years from the date of submission of final expenditure reports. If questions, such as those raised as a result of audits remain following the 3-year period, recipients must retain records until the matter is completely resolved.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants) FY 09 $0; FY 10 est $720,000; FY 11 est $720,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

There is no minimum amount of assistance. EPA anticipates awards ranging in value from $100,000 to $300,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

TIME/LTM assistance agreements are subject to EPA"s General Grant Regulations (40 CFR Part 30 and 40 CFR Part 31, as applicable).

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Richard Haeuber, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. Mail Code: 6204J, Washington, District of Columbia 20460 Email: haeuber.richard@epa.gov Phone: (202) 343-9250.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

EPA selects proposed TIME/LTM projects for funding based on factors such as relevancy to EPA"s mission, technical merit, and the likelihood of success. If EPA issues a solicitation for applications for a particular project or group of projects, the solicitation will identify specific criteria. The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this CFDA description will be described in the competitive announcement.

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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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