Career and Technical Education- Basic Grants to States

To develop more fully the academic, career, and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students who elect to enroll in career and technical education programs.

Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Local recipients must operate a career and technical education program that: Strengthen the academic, career, and technical skills of students participating in vocational and technical education programs, achieved by integrating core academic subjects into career and technical education programs through a coherent sequence of courses; proide students with strong experience in and understanding of all aspects of an industry; develop, improve, or expand the use of technology in career and technical education; provide professional development programs to teachers, counselors, and administrators; develop and implement evaluations of the career and technical education programs carried out with funds under the Perkins Act, including an assessment of how the needs of special populations are being met; initiate, improve, expand, and modernize quality career and technical education programs; provide services and activities that are of sufficient size, scope, and quality to be effective; and link seconday career and technical education, including Tech-Prep programs, with postsecondary career and technical education programs.

Agency - Department of Education

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education and promotes educational excellence through coordination, management and accountability in Federal education programs. The Department works to supplement and complement educational efforts on all levels, encouraging increased involvement by the public, parents and students.

Program Accomplishments

Grants are made to the States and Outlying Areas to support career and technical education programs at the secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels. In school year 2004-05 over 14.8 million students enrolled in secondary and postsecondary career and technical education programs.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Each State may keep up to 5 percent of its award for state administration and up to 10 percent of its award to fund leadership activities (and from that amount, it must reserve an amount equivalent to 1 percet of its award to assist individuals in state institutions and between $60,000 and $150,000 to fund services to prepare individuals for non-traditional fields).

Each State must distribute at least 85 percent of its award to local agencies to fund secondary and postsecondary institutions that provide career and technical education services, from which the state may choose to award an amount equivalent to 10% of its award to make awards to local agencies in rural areas, areas with high percentages of career and technical education students, and areas with high numbers of career and technical education students.

This program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76-564-76.569.

For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on (202) 708-7770.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

The Department of Education makes formula grants to States.

Eligible recipients for subgrants are local educational agencies and postsecondary institutions.

Beneficiary Eligibility

A wide range of individuals pursuing vocational education and training will benefit.


The establishment of a State Board for Vocational Education is required. Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

A 5-year State plan for Vocational Education must be prepared with the active participation of the State Council.

State plans are subject to public hearings.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

States submit 5-year State plans for vocational education to the Department of Education. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110.

Award Procedures

The Department of Education approves the 5-year State plan and makes allocations to the States.


States should contact the Program Office for deadlines.


Carl D. Perkins Career Technical Education Act of 2006, Title I.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

The range is approximately 30 to 120 days.


A State board which is dissatisfied with the final action of the Assistant Secretary in disapproving a State Plan is afforded reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

The funding formula is based on State per-capita income and population in three age cohorts (15-19,20-24, and 25-65). The formula provides for a minimum State allocation of at least 0.5 percent of the total, and a "hold-harmless" provision in the formula ensures that no State's share of the appropriation is less than its share of the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. A special provision limits the increase a State with an initial allocation of the 0.5 percent minimum may receive, resulting in a number of States that receive an allocation of less than 0.5 percent of the total. If appropriations result in the amount of funds for allocation to States exceeding the amount of funds allocated to States from the FY 2006 appropriation, up to one-third of the additional funds are allotted to States with FY 2006 grants that are less than the minimum 0.5 percent grant amount and the remainder would flow to the other States. In addition, the Pacific territories receive 0.13 percent of the total appropriated for State Grants to operate the same kinds of career and technical education programs as the States. Also, 1.25 percent of the total appropriation for State Grants is set aside for grants to federally recognized Indian tribes and tribal organizations, and 0.25 percent is set aside for competitive grants to organizations that primarily serve and represent Hawaiian Natives. The Bureau of the Census supplies the population data; the Department of Labor supplies the per-capia income data. Matching. Section 102 of the Perkins Acts requries 50/50 matching for State administration. No match is required for American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, or the Republic of Palau. Section 311(b) of the Perkins Act describes maintenance of effort requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Funds must be expended within 27 months after their first date of availability. States draw funds as needed under the Electronic Funds Transfer System.

Post Assistance Requirements


Annual financial report, performance report, and Office for Civil Rights Annual Compliance Report must be submitted.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


In accordance with section 443 of the General Education Provisions Act, as amended by the Improving America's Schools Act, grantees must maintain records for 3 years.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Grants and Contracts) FY 07 $1,162,294,000; FY 08 est $1,141,988; and FY 09 est $0.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

For FY 2008, awrds range from $613,000 to $128,504,000; the average award is approximately $21,547,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Rules and Regulations, Title 34 CFR 400 and 403; EDGAR 74, 76 (except 76.103), 77, 79, 80, 81, 82, and 85; OCR Guidelines for Vocational Education.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Department of Education, OVAE Division of High School, Postsecondary and Career Education, 400 Maryland Ave., S.W., Washington, DC 20202-7241. Contact: Sharon Lee Miller. E-mail: Telephone: (202) 245-7846.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals


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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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