Cancer Detection and Diagnosis Research

To improve screening and early detection strategies and to develop accurate diagnostic techniques and methods for predicting the course of disease in cancer patients.

Screening and Early Detection research includes development of strategies to decrease cancer mortality by finding tumors early

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when they are more amenable to treatment.

Diagnosis research focuses on methods to determine the presence of a specific type of cancer; to predict its course and response to therapy, both a particular therapy or a class of agents; and to monitor the effect of the therapy and the appearance of disease recurrence.

These methods include diagnostic imaging and direct analyses of specimens from tumor or other tissues.

Support is also provided for establishing and maintaining resources of human tissue to facilitate research.

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program: To expand and improve the SBIR program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.

Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program: To stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Screening and early detection research includes development of more sensitive and specific detection techniques in asymptomatic individuals; developing tests to identify individuals with a genetic predisposition to specific cancers; assessment of availability of, access to, and use of these techniques in the community; development of community outreach methods to encourage all segments of the population to take advantage of available services; and collection of cancer surveillance data to assess effectiveness of cancer interventions.

Cancer diagnosis and prognosis research depends on interactions among clinicians, basic researchers, and experts in study design to ensure that new diagnostic and prognostic techniques are evaluated efficiently and effectively for more rapid transfer to clinical application.

Diagnosis research includes development and evaluation of better methods for monitoring the response to therapy and detecting the recurrence of tumors earlier; utilizing the advances in the development of sensitive molecular biological techniques; and developing more sensitive imaging techniques, including the use of immunodiagnostic reagents and functional imaging.


Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.


Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories