This funding will provide economic stimulus to the nation while furthering the ACF mission to promote the development of infant and toddler age children.

The objective of the Early Head Start program is to enhance the cognitive, social and emotional development of low-income children, including
children on federally recognized reservations and children of migratory farm workers, through the provision of comprehensive health, educational, nutritional, social and other services and to involve parents in their children s learning and to help parents make progress toward their educational, literacy and employment goals.

Early Head Start also emphasizes the significant involvement of parents in the administration of their local Early Head Start programs.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2008: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2009: (1) Full-Year and Full-Day Head Start Programs; (2) Full-Year and Part-Day Head Start Programs; and (3) Part-Year and Part-Day Head Start Programs.

Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available

Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2008: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2009: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2010: Since 1965, Head Start has served more than 25 million children from low income families in 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Outer Pacific. The program has provided education, health, nutrition and social services to the target population. In fiscal year 2008, there were 1,604 grantees funded to provide Head Start grantees. We estimate in FY 2009 (and FY 2010) there will be 1,800 grantees.

Uses and Use Restrictions

At least 90 percent of the enrollees in a program must be income eligible, i.e., from families whose income is below the poverty line, from families receiving public assistance, from homeless families or children in foster care.

Up to 10 percent of the funding is for training and technical assistance grants and up to 3 percent is for monitoring the program.

See above.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Profit organization: Higher Education (includes Research).

Private nonprofit institution/organization (includes institutions of higher education and hospitals): Higher Education (includes Research)

Beneficiary Eligibility

Individual/Family; Minority group; Black; American Indian; Spanish Origin; Asian; Other Non-White; Migrant; U.S. Citizen; Refugee/Alien; Preschool; Infant (0-5); Low Income


Nonprofit organizations must submit proof of nonprofit status. Applicable costs and administrative procedures will be determined in accordance with Part 74 and 92 of Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations. OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Applications will be considered only when submitted in response to a specific announcement, published online at or on the ACF website:, which solicits proposals to establish new Early Head Start Programs or increase enrollment in current programs.

The standard application forms as furnished by DHHS must be used for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the Single Point of Contact (SPOC) in his or her State for more information on the process.

(NOTE: State/territory participation in the intergovernmental review process does not signify applicant eligibility for financial assistance under a program.

A potential applicant must meet the eligibility requirements of the program for which it is applying prior to submitting an application to its SPOC.).

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. Prepare and submit applications according to the instructions provided in the applicable ARRA Funding Opportunity Announcement which can be found online at or on the ACF website: The Office of Head Start will provide each applicant agency with a completed check list form showing exactly which items must be completed by each applicant and delegate agency.

Award Procedures

All funds are awarded directly to existing and/or new grantees. Funds for local Early Head Start programs, including a portion of training and technical assistance funds, are awarded by the Office of Head Start"s Regional Offices. Funds for the following are awarded by the Central Office of Head Start: American Indian/Alaskan Native programs; Migrant and Seasonal programs; and some training and technical assistance efforts.


May 08, 2009 to Jul 09, 2009


Head Start Act, as amended by the Improving Head Start for School Readiness Act of 2007, Public Law 110-134; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 90 to 120 days.


Not Applicable.


Other - Not Specified.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching Percent: 20.%. Head Start grantees are required to provide 20 percent of the total cost of the program, although this may be waived wholly or in part if certain conditions pertain. Matching share may be in cash or in-kind fairly evaluated. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Funds awarded under the authority of ARRA are available for obligation through September 30, 2010. Funds are released by monthly allowance on an Electronic Transfer System or by monthly check. Semiannual financial and annual program reports are required. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Funds are released by monthly allowance on an Electronic Transfer System or by monthly check. Semiannual financial and annual program reports are required.

Post Assistance Requirements


Semiannual financial and annual program reports are required.

Funded grantees must submit quarterly reports required by Section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

No cash reports are required.

No progress reports are required.

No expenditure reports are required.

No performance monitoring is required.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133. Audits are conducted in accordance with the requirements in 45 CFR, Parts 74 and 92.


Grantee must maintain an accounting system adequate to meet the purposes of the grant. Requirements for records are found in 45 CFR, Part 74 and 92.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants) FY 08 $0; FY 09 est $550,000,000; FY 10 est $550,000,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$100,000-$5,000,000 $625,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Chapter XIII of Title 45 Code of Federal Regulations, including 45 CFR 1301 - 1311. These are electronically at the following ACF website:

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices.

Headquarters Office

Craig Turner 250 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington 20024 Email: Phone: (202) 205-8236

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

The degree to which the proposed project will meet the Head Start Program Performance Standards located on the ACF website: and other program objectives as specified in the program announcement.

Social Entrepreneurship

Rwanda as Social Entrepreneur Fund Beneficiary

The Republic of Rwanda has been picked as one of the six African countries as beneficiaries for a new fellowship fund program designed at supporting social entrepreneurs in tackling issues on food security.

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