Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation Research

To assist public and private nonprofit institutions and individuals to establish, expand, and improve biomedical research and research training in allergic and immunologic diseases and related areas to assist public, private, and commercial institutions to conduct developmental research; to produce and

credit:
test research materials; and to provide research services as required by the agency for research progress in allergic and immunologic diseases.

NIAID's Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation Research concerns the immune system as it functions in the maintenance of health and as it malfunctions in the production of diseases.

Because of this dual focus, the program encompasses both basic research and clinical research.

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program expands and improves private sector participation in biomedical research.

The SBIR Program intends to increase and facilitate private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.

The Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program stimulates and fosters scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.

Research Career Development Awards support the development of scientists during the formative stages of their careers.

Individual National Research Service Awards (NRSAs) are made directly to approved applicants for research training in specified biomedical shortage areas.

In addition, Institutional National Research Service Awards are made to enable institutions to select and make awards to individuals to receive training under the aegis of their institutional program.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

(1) Immunobiology and immunochemistry studies: (a) investigate the biology and chemistry of the immune system and its products; and (b) projects in lymphocyte biology supporting multi-disciplinary efforts in immunobiology, cell biology, genetics, biochemistry and immunochemistry with the goal of developing the capability to intervene and manipulate the immune system in health and disease.

Particular focus is given to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

(2) Research in genetics and transplantation biology: (a) encompasses a broad approach to clarify how genes and gene products affect the immune response system, the goal being to understand the genetic and immunologic mechanisms involved in organ transplantation and in resistance or susceptibility to disease.

(3) Studies in asthma and allergic diseases: (a) involve the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of both naturally occurring and acquired allergic diseases; and (b) asthma studies include both primary and predisposing factors.

(4) Research in immunologic diseases: (a) investigates the underlying mechanisms of disease, as well as applications of basic knowledge to the etiology, prevention, and management of immunologic disorders; and (b) utilizes either of two disciplinary approaches - clinical immunology or immunopathology.


Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.