Global Development Alliance

The Global Development Alliance (GDA) business model provides a framework for enabling public-private alliances (PPA's) to carry-out activities that promote international development objectives.

Through the leveraging, sharing the cost of resources and pooled expertise, the PPA model seeks to
achieve greater impact than individual entities working alone.

For further information please visit

Agency - Agency for International Development

The Agency for International Development is an independent Federal government agency that provides economic and humanitarian assistance in more than 100 countries to ensure a better future for us all.

Office - Jim Thompson, GDA Secretariat, 202-712- 4272, United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523.

USAID Mission's contact information can be found at

Program Accomplishments

USAID's alliance activities pursue multiple strategic objectives in more than 100 countries around the world. USAID has funded nearly 400 alliances with $1.5 billion of resources, and leveraged over $4.6 billion in Partner resources. The objectives of these alliances support the Agency's objectives to: (1) Advance the growth of democracy and good governance, including civil society, the rule of law, respect for human rights, and religious freedom; (2) Strengthen world economic growth, development, and stability, while expanding opportunities for U.S. businesses and ensuring economic security for the nation; (3) Improve health, education, environment, and other conditions for the global population; and (4) Minimize the human costs of displacement, conflicts, and natural disasters.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds are authorized through grants, cooperative agreements, and Leader-with Associate Grants, to U. S. and non-U. S. for profit and not for profit organizations to carry out activities to enhance development objectives.

Potential for-profit applicants should note that USAID policy prohibits the payment of fee/profit to recipients under assistance instruments.

Potential partners should note that cash and in-kind contributions, including volunteered services qualify as cost-share or leveraging, however forgone profit does not qualify as cost-sharing or leveraging.

The resource contribution of the partners must be at least as great as that requested of USAID to achieve a minimum 1:1 leverage ratio.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for potential alliance partners is broad, and the following list of potential partners is for illustrative purposes: U.S.

and non-U.S.

Non-Governmental Organizations, U.S.

and non-U.S.

private businesses, foundations, business and trade associations, international organizations, U.S.

and non-U.S.

colleges and universities, U.S.

cities and states, other U.S.

Government agencies, civic groups, other donor governments, host country governments, regional organizations, host country parastals, individual and group philanthropies and funds etc.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) do not need to be registered as Private Voluntary Organizations to submit a proposal.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Beneficiaries are foreign governments, foreign public or private institutions or organizations, and/or the people of the developing world.


Applicants who have never received a grant from USAID may be required to provide additional documentation that will be requested by the Operating Unit issuing the grant.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

USAID requires the use of brief concept papers which will allow for formal Agency feedback prior to the submission of a full application.

Concept papers may be submitted to the USAID Mission, Washington Operating Unit or to the GDA Secretariat.

Prospective alliance partners are strongly encouraged to seek field Mission or Washington operating unit input prior to submission of a proposal.

For further guidance on concept papers, please see the GDA website at:

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

Applicants are encouraged to apply at individual USAID Missions and operating units. The GDA Secretariat staff is readily available to meet with prospective partner organizations and can assist organizations with points of contacts within USAID. The Secretariat may also provide feedback and comments on applicant concept papers. USAID encourages applicants to use the standard format that will be in the formal solicitation to be issued at

Award Procedures

Official notice of approved application is made by the Agreement Officer through the issuance of a Grant Award, Cooperative Agreement or a Leader with Associate Grant.


This is an open announcement; Deadlines are not applicable. Other solicitations that incorporate Public-Private Alliances may provide deadlines. See specific announcements at for required submission deadlines.


Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

The range for receiving a response is from 60 to 90 days.




Extensions to the PPA project period may be made if deemed appropriate by the Agreement Officer. Existing awards may be modified to include alliance components.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

The total USAID funds committed over the life of the alliance activity must leverage at least the same amount of total partner resources, with preference given for higher leveraging. Partner contributions (non-USAID funds) must include private (meaning non-public sector) resources at least equal to 25% of the value of the requested USAID resources. Resources may be cash or in-kind contributions such as technical assistance, services, products, technology, and software.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Grants, cooperative agreements and leader with associate grants may be issued for up to a five-year period, and are generally funded on a 12-month basis. Support beyond the first year is contingent upon the availability of funds.

Post Assistance Requirements


Grantees must submit progress reports.

Reporting periods vary from quarterly to annually.

Comprehensive final reports are due no later than 90 days after the completion of projects.

Expenditure reports are required 90 days after the end of each reporting period.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular A-133 (Revised June 27, 2003), Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations, nonfederal entities that receive financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


In accordance with 22 CFR Part 226.53, grantees are to maintain accounting records for a minimum of 3 years after the end of the date of submission of the final expenditure report. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit or other action involving the records has been started before the expiration of the 3-year period, the records shall be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all issues which arise from it, or until the end of the regular 3-year period, whichever is later.

Financial Information

Account Identification

72-1021-0-1-151 Development Assistance;
72-1095-0-1-151 Child Survival and Health Program Funds; 72-1037-0-1-152
Economic Support Fund; 72-1010-0-1-151 Assistance for Eastern Europe and
the Baltic States; 72-1093-0-1-151 Assistance for the Independent States
of the Former Soviet Union; 72-1035-0-1-151 International Disaster


FY 07 $395,000,000; FY 08 est not available; and FY 09 est not reported.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Mission and Washington Operating Units generally make awards for up to five years. PPAs can be made at small and large dollar values depending upon the needs, partner contribution level and resources being allocated by USAID. Typical awards range from $300,000 to $1,000,000 with GDA Incentive Funds.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Grant administration policies are in 22 CFR 226, and may be found at Internal USAID policy directives, including standard formats, may be found in Automated Directive Systems (ADS) Chapter 303. The ADS is available on the USAID website at Other information regarding USAID's program may be found at

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Jim Thompson, GDA Secretariat, 202-712- 4272, United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523. USAID Mission's contact information can be found at

Headquarters Office

GDA Secretariat, U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington D.C. 20523.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Public/Private Alliance proposals will be evaluated based upon the criteria expressed in the formal solicitation that will be posted at Individual USAID Missions or Operating Units may also issue competitive solicitations with a Public/Private Alliance model and the criteria may differ from those noted in the Global Development Alliance Secretariat's announcement.

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