This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant Award (R21) applications to study molecular and cellular mechanisms of tissue injury and repair associated with alcohol use in humans.
Excessive alcohol consumption has the potential to adversely affect
multiple organ systems including the liver, brain, heart, pancreas, lung, kidney, endocrine and immune systems, as well as bone and skeletal muscle.
In addition, there is accumulating evidence that long term alcohol consumption is associated with reduced host capacity for recovery and repair following trauma.
The mechanisms for these alcohol-induced effects on tissue injury and repair are currently not fully understood.
NIAAA is especially interested in integrative research that elucidates alcohols effects on complex mechanisms of injury and repair that are either common or specific to each organ system.
This FOA also encourages the study of alcohols effect on stem cells, embryonic development, and regeneration.
Also encourages are studies on molecular and cellular actions of moderate alcohol consumption.
A better understanding of these underlying mechanisms may provide new avenues for developing more effective and novel approaches for prognosis, diagnosis, intervention, and treatment of alcohol-induced organ damage.