Montgomery GI Bill Selected Reserve; Reserve Educational Assistance Program

To encourage membership in units of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve and to provide educational assistance to members of the reserve components called or ordered to active service in response to a war or national emergency declared by the President or Congress.



Agency - Department of Veterans Affairs

The Department of Veterans Affairs strives for excellence in patient care and veteran's benefits for its constituents through high quality, prompt and seamless service to United States veterans.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

1-888-GI-BILL-1 (1-888-442-4551).


Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2010: MGIB-SR: For fiscal years 2009 and 2010, there were 63,484 and 67,381 trainees, respectively.
REAP: For fiscal years 2009 and 2010, there were 43,131 and 30,281 trainees, respectively. Fiscal Year 2011: MGIB-SR: The student estimate for fiscal year 2011 is 78,666.

REAP: The student estimate for fiscal year 2011 is 24,929. Fiscal Year 2012: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

Participants may receive payment for pursuit of approved educational assistance programs.

Participants may receive payment for pursuit of approved educational assistance programs.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

What follows is not a complete list of eligibility requirements.

For more information on MGIB-SR and REAP visit http://www.gibill.va.gov.

Generally, to qualify for benefits under MGIB-SR you must (1) Have a six-year obligation to serve in the Selected Reserve signed after June 30, 1985.

If you are an officer, you must have agreed to serve six years in addition to your original obligation.

For some types of training, it is necessary to have a six-year commitment that begins after September 30, 1990; (2) Complete your initial active duty for training (IADT); (3) Meet the requirement to receive a high school diploma or equivalency certificate before completing IADT.

You may not use 12 hours toward a college degree to meet this requirement; and (4) Remain in good standing while serving in an active Selected Reserve unit.



Generally, to qualify for benefits under REAP you must have served at least 90 consecutive days on active duty as a result of a call or order to active duty from a reserve component in response to a war or national emergency declared by the President or Congress.

Beneficiary Eligibility

As stated above under Applicant Eligibility.

Credentials/Documentation

Notice of Basic Eligibility (NOBE), or eligibility notification from the Department of Defense. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.

12372.

Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. Reservist may apply for MGIB-SR and REAP benefits by completing and submitting the Application for VA Education Benefits (VA Form 22-1990).

Applications may be obtained and completed online via the GI Bill website at www.GIBill.va.gov. Applications are also available at all VA Regional Offices.

Award Procedures

Awards are authorized at the designated VA Regional Processing Office. Participants may use benefits while serving in an active selected reserve unit. MGIB-SR participants released due to disability will have 14 years from their date of eligibility to use benefits. REAP participants generally have 10 years from their release date to use education benefits.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.

Authorization

Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act, 10 U.S.C 1606-1607.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

In fiscal year 2010, 90 percent of original applications under MGIB-SR, and 86 percent of original applications under REAP were processed within 90 days or less. In fiscal year 2010, 98 percent of supplemental applications under MGIB-SR and 97 percent of supplemental applications under REAP were processed within 90 days or less.

Appeals

Appeals are available through a special board; average response time was 116.9 days for MGIB-SR and REAP in 2009.

Renewals

Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program.
Matching requirements are not applicable to this program.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Reservists receive monthly payments in most instances. Accelerated payments (one-time payments) equal to 60% of the cost of the course are available for certain high cost courses. Advance payment of the first 2 months of benefits for an enrollment period may be available. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Reservists receive monthly payments in most instances. Accelerated payments (one-time payments) equal to 60% of the cost of the course are available for certain high cost courses. Advance payment of the first 2 months of benefits for an enrollment period may be available.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

Educational assistance will not be paid until VA receives certification of enrollment from the school.

Beneficiaries are required to notify the school and VA of any changes to enrollment.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Progress reports are not applicable.

Expenditure reports are not applicable.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.

Audits

Not Applicable.

Records

None.

Financial Information

Account Identification

36-0137-0-1-702.

Obigations

(Direct Payments for Specified Use) FY 10 $304,249,000; FY 11 $321,464,000; FY 12 Estimate Not Available - (Direct Payments)
MGIB-SR: FY09 $163,962,000; FY10 $195,223,000; FY11 EST $230,630,000
REAP: FY09 $177,705,000; FY10 $109,026,000; FY11 EST $90,834,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

The amount of educational assistance an individual is entitled to under chapter 1606 is $337, based on full time training for FY 2010. Assistance under chapter 1607 for FY 2010 is $1,140.80 for consecutive service of 2 or more years, $855.60 for one year, but less than two, and $570.40 for 90 days but less than a year of service. Chapter 1607 rates are based on MGIB chapter 30 three year rate.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Title 10, U.S. Code, chapters 1606 and 1607

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. 1-888-GI-BILL-1 (1-888-442-4551).

Headquarters Office

Michelle Staton Department of Veterans Affairs, Central Office, Washington, District of Columbia 20420 Phone: (202)461-9800

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.



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