Established in 1862, the Department of Agriculture serves all Americans through anti-hunger efforts, stewardship of nearly 200 million acres of national forest and rangelands, and through product safety and conservation efforts. The USDA opens markets for American farmers and ranchers and provides food for needy people around the world.
Example of accomplishments include: Researchers developed the J-5 vaccine to prevent coliform mastitis infections in dairy cattle. This preventive strategy also reduces use of antibiotics protecting consumers from possible drug residues.
Uses and Use Restrictions
Research on animal health and disease of food animals and horses conducted in eligible institutions under the following categories: (1) Infectious diseases; (2) internal and external parasites; (3) noninfectious diseases, toxins, poisons, transportation losses, predators and other hazards; (4) diseases and parasites of wildlife transmissible to food animals and horses; and (5) diseases and parasites of animals transmissible to people.
Eligibility is restricted to the following public nonprofit institutions having demonstrable capacity in animal disease research: (1) Schools and Colleges of Veterinary Medicine; and (2) State Agricultural Experiment Stations.
Funds are appropriated by Congress for distribution to States and eligible State institutions according to the statutory formula stated in the Act.
Eligibility is restricted to the following public nonprofit institutions having demonstrable capacity in animal disease research: (1) Schools and Colleges of Veterinary Medicine; and (2) State Agricultural Experiment Stations. Funds are appropriated by Congress for distribution to States and eligible State institutions according to the statutory formula stated in the Act.
The current capacity in food animal health and disease research must be documented annually by eligible institutions. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.
Aplication and Award Process
All eligible institutions must file a current, certified list of animal health and disease research capacity prior to the fiscal year for which funds are appropriated.
This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No.
A-102 and E.O.
No application is necessary, but payment of funds is contingent on the approval of an annual plan for programs to be conducted. Funds can be expended only on projects approved by CSREES. This program is subject to the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-110 as implemented by 7 CFR Part 3019.
The release of funds to eligible institutions is contingent upon the filing of an approved Program of Research and the certification that required nonfederal funds are available to meet matching requirements. Funds can be expended only by the recipient institution and only on research having had prior approval by The Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES).
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, Section 1433, Public Law 95-113, as amended; Section 1429, Public Law 97-98; Public Law 99-198; Public Law 101-624; Public Law 104-127; Public Law 105-185.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time
Formula and Matching Requirements
The Act provides that the Secretary in consultation with the Animal Health Science Research Advisory Board shall distribute 48 percent of the funds to the States on the basis of livestock value and income as determined by the Department of Agriculture data. Forty-eight percent of the funds shall be distributed on the basis of animal health and disease research capacity of eligible institutions. Distribution of a State's allocation among its eligible institutions is made on the basis of the animal health research capacity of these institutions. Animal health research capacity is measured by the annual expenditures (excluding Section 1433 funds) and scientist year equivalents in animal health and disease research in eligible institutions. The Act limits the annual Federal payment a State may receive in excess of $100,000 to that amount made available and budgeted from nonfederal sources for expenditures on animal health and disease research.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Funds must be expended or obligated in the year for which the appropriation was made. Unliquidated obligations must be paid in the fiscal year following the year of appropriation. Funds are released quarterly as needed to finance current operations.
Post Assistance Requirements
Fiscal year annual plan of work due August 15 of each year for the fiscal year starting in October.
Annual program financial report due December 1; Annual progress report due February 15; Certification of Offset and Entitlement due prior to October 1; Past year Obligations by Project due December 15.
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No A-133(Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No A-133.
Maintained by project. Retain payment documents three years.
(Grants) FY 07 $4,651,359; FY 08 $0; and FY 09 est not reported.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
$1,586 to 408,854. Average: $65,515.
Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature
Administrative Manual for the Continuing Animal Health and Disease Research Program, August 1982; 7 CFR Part 3015, USDA Uniform Federal Assistant Regulations; 7 CFR Part 3017, Government wide Debarment and Suspension (Nonprocurement) and Government wide Requirements for Drug-Free Workplace (Grants); 7 CFR Part 3018, New Restrictions on Lobbying; and 7 CFR Part 3019, Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Nonprofit Organizations.
Regional or Local Office
Deputy Administrator, Plant and Animal Science, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250. Telephone: (202) 401-4329.
Criteria for Selecting Proposals
Chris Blackwood is the founder of Helping Neighbourhoods Implement Change, a social enterprise that offers transformational mentoring to help change the lives of at-risk youth within the Canadian society.