Measurement and Engineering Research and Standards

To provide scientific research and technology transfer for measurement and engineering research and standards.

Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Examples of funded projects include: Development and Study of Strong and Ductile Magnesium Alloys; Experimental Investigation of Vitiated Flame Behavior and Self-Extinction in Fires; Interaction of Laser and Synchrotron Radiation with Semiconductor Photodetectors; Measurements of Molecular Assemblies on Surfaces; and Ultra-Thin Oxide Metrology and Reliability.

Agency - Department of Commerce

The Department of Commerce fosters and promotes the nation's economic development and technological advancement through vigilance in international trade policy, domestic business policy and growth, and promoting economic progress at all levels.

Website Address

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Program Accomplishments

Three hundred and nine grants, cooperative agreements, and amendments were funded in fiscal year 2005. It is estimated that approximately the same level will be funded in fiscal years 2006 and 2007.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Grant money will be used to further scientific research and technology transfer, in areas of fire research, building research, precision measurement, automation manufacturing, materials science, chemistry, physics, biotechnology, electronics, optical technologies, mathematics, communications and information, science and technology and other areas of specific research.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Institutions of higher education (e.g.

universities and colleges), professional institutes and associations, nonprofit organizations, State and local governments, laboratories, and commercial organizations.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Universities, colleges, professional institutes and associations, nonprofit organizations, State and local governments, and commercial organizations.


Applicants must have and demonstrate scientific competence in areas of research for which grants are requested. Costs will be determined in accordance with applicable cost principles found at 2 CFR Part 220, Cost Principles for Education Institutions (OMB Circular A-21), 2 CFR Part 225, Cost Principles for State, Local and Indian Tribal Governments (OMB Circular A-87), 2 CFR Part 230, Cost Principles for Non-profit Organizations (OMB Circular A-122), 48 CFR 31 for Commercial Organizations, 45 CFR 74, Appendix E for Hospitals.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination


This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

Applicants should reply to notices published as Federal funding opportunities at

Award Procedures

Award process based upon published selection criteria.


Deadlines for proposal submissions are contained in announcements described in the application procedure.


National Bureau of Standards Organic Act, Public Law 56-177, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 271 et seq, 19 U.S.C 2343-45.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Approval times are from 6 to 9 months.




Future or continued funding will be at the discretion of NIST, based on such factors as satisfactory performance and the availability of funds. Renewals are competed whereas continuations of multi-year agreements are not subject to further competition.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements


Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Usually one to five years in length.

Post Assistance Requirements


Semi-annual and final program and financial status reports are required; unless specified in award document.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), recipients that are States, Local Governments, Nonprofit Organizations (to include hospitals), and Institutions of Higher Learning shall be subject to the audit requirements contained in the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (31 U.S.C. 7501-7507). Commercial organizations shall be subject to the audit requirements as stipulated in the award document. In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal Awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for the year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


All records of accounts and supporting documents will be retained by recipient and subcontractors for a period of three years from the date of submission of final expenditure report.

Financial Information

Account Identification

13-0500-0-1-376; 13-0525-0-1-376;


FY 07 $34,362,000; FY 08 est not available; and FY 09 est not reported.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Dependent upon nature and type of grant.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

This program is subject to the provisions of 15 CFR 24 and 15 CFR 14.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

Not applicable.

Headquarters Office

National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Bldg. 411, Room A120, Mail Stop 3580, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-3580. Telephone: (301) 975-6328.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Criteria vary with type of proposal. Specific criteria listed in the Federal Funding Opportunities posted at

Vertical farms are designed in a way to avoid the pressing issues about growing food crops in drought-and-disease-prone fields miles away from the population centers in which they will be consumed.

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