National Wetlands Inventory

The EWRA requires the NWI to map wetlands of the nation, digitize the maps, archive and distribute the data, and produce a 10-year national wetlands status and trends report to Congress.
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2010: FY10: Mapping of Washita National Wildlife Refuge; Great Basin Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC), Whooping Crane Migration project; Great Northern LCC, MT & ID project; Artic LCC, AK project.

Fiscal Year 2011: (actual/anticipated) Mapping of various National Wildlife Refuges; Florida LCC, FLUCC s conversion to NWCS project; North Atlantic LCC, Chesapeake Bay updating VA project; Gulf Coast Prairie LCC, TX coastal updates project; Great Basin LCC, Whooping Crane project.

Fiscal Year 2012: (anticipated) Florida LCC, FLUCCs conversion to NWCS project; Great Basin LCC, KS project; Great Lakes LCC project; Western Alaska LCC project.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Regional Wetlands Coordinators:

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2010: 21.40 million acres of lands digitally mapped, which brings cumulative percent of nation digitally mapped to 64%. 109 professionals trained. Fiscal Year 2011: (actual/anticipated) 56 million acres to be mapped, bringing the cumulative percent of nation digitally mapped to 67%. Anticipate funding training of 145 professionals and activities related to compiling the National Wetlands Status and Trends Report to Congress 2010. Fiscal Year 2012: (anticipated) 37 million acres to be mapped, bringing the cumulative percent of nation digitally mapped to 68%. Anticipate funding training of 500 professionals and activities related to compiling the FWS/NOAA Coastal Watersheds Status Report 2012.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds can be used for any purpose authorized under the EWRA.

For example:
(1) Depending on appropriations and national priorities, the program has annual discretionary funding to fund Regional-priority mapping projects.
(2) Funded Regional mapping projects or status and trends analysis may use CESUs (Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units) to complete scope of work specified under the award with substantial involvement of the U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

(3) Regions may use Interagency Agreements or contracts for project-level support or products needed.

(4) The Service projects may cover any aspect of inventorying wetlands, including but not limited to training, technology research, and analysis of data.

For further information, please contact the regional office.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Organizations receiving financial assistance must be experienced in image-interpretation for wetlands and for arid western riparian for targeted ecosystems using National standards (Cowardin et al.

1979 and Wetlands Mapping Standard 2009); in wetlands mapping or delivery research or technologies, or in supporting activities (e.g.

mapping standards training or analysis) for wetlands mapping; or have the project-specific imagery or ancillary data needed for wetlands mapping.

Based on Agency need, financial assistance, in general, is available to qualified Americans, profit or nonprofit corporations or institutions, domestic organizations, and Federal, State, Tribal, Territorial, and local agencies.

Beneficiary Eligibility

The American public, and Federal, State, Tribal, Territorial, and local agencies, profit and nonprofit corporations or institutions benefit from having wetlands geospatial data to help inform decision making for clean water, fish and wildlife conservation, wetlands conservation, landscape-level planning, green infrastructure, and urban, rural, infrastructure, and energy development.


No Credentials or documentation are required. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

OMB Circular No. A-102 applies to this program. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. There is no external application or award process. Service Regions compete for flex project funding through an internal process based on changing national program priorities. Regions have a small amount of funding for interagency partnerships.

Award Procedures



Not Applicable.


Emergency Wetlands Resources Act (EWRA) of 1986 (Public Law 99-645, 16 U.S.C. 3931-3932, November 10, 1986, as amended).

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not Applicable.


Not Applicable.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program.
Matching requirements are not applicable to this program.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

N/A. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Funds are disbursed to recipients as requested and in accordance with the payment methods prescribed in 43 CFR Part 12, or as otherwise prescribed in program-specific legislation.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Projects funded under will have performance and financial reporting requirements as described in the award terms and conditions.

At a minimum, the recipient is required to submit a final SF-425, Federal Financial Report within 90 days of the end of the award period of performance.

Recipients are responsible for monitoring and reporting performance each award and sub-award under this program in accordance with 43 CFR Part 12 and 2 CFR Part 170.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


Entities must maintain Federally-required financial records; see

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 10 $1,300,000; FY 11 $850,000; FY 12 $600,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

FY 2009 - 2010: Range of projects $5,000 - $479,250; Average $92,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Not Applicable.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. Regional Wetlands Coordinators:

Headquarters Office

Chief, Division of Habitat and Resource Conservation, FHC (Attn: NWI), Fish and Wildlife Service, 4401 N Fairfax Dr., Rm 840 , Arlington, Virginia 22203 Phone: (703) 358-2161.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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