The primary purpose of the proposed capacity building projects is to protect human health and the environment while advancing U.S.
national interests through international environmental collaboration on environmental compliance and enforcement.
objectives: 1) Reduce Exposure to Toxic Chemicals; 2) Improve Urban Air Quality; 3) Reduce Hazardous Waste and Improve Waste Management; 4) Limit Global GHG Emissions and Other Climate-Forcing Pollutants; 5) Improve access to Clean Water; and 6) Build Strong Environmental Institutions and Legal Structures.
International capacity building plays a key role in protecting human health, communities and the environment by providing technical cooperation to help countries improve environmental compliance and enforcement in order to reduce air pollution, better manage air quality and global climates, manage drinking and surface water quality, and restore the land and mitigate sources of land pollution.
OECA will work to transfer appropriate compliance and enforcement tools and techniques to key countries and regions as we collaborate with partners to improve compliance with domestic environmental laws in those countries.
In addition, we will continue efforts to strengthen domestic, regional, and global networks on criminal and civil/administrative enforcement, build capacity in developing countries to monitor and enforce compliance with environmental laws, and raise awareness of the role of enforcement in ensuring sustainable development.
OECA plays a key role in ensuring trade-related activities support environmental protection, particularly related to effective enforcement of environmental laws.
Initiatives relating to environmental trade and investment are carried out bilaterally, multilaterally or in connection with multilateral institutions such as the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) and associated regional networks, INTERPOL"s Environmental Crime Program, the World Trade Organization (WTO), World Bank, European Union (EU), and others.
Also, OECA will support protection of human health and the ecosystem of North America through the United States participation in the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation and through leadership in the Enforcement Working Group of the Commission on Environmental Cooperation (CEC), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and other international entities.
OECA will provide targeted capacity building support under the environmental cooperation agreements developed parallel to U.S.
free trade agreements.
Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2011: EPA expects to continue funding for ongoing activities that advance environmental compliance worldwide.
Possible funding priorities include efforts to build capacity for compliance and enforcement in Africa, South America, and other parts of the world, support for international conferences on compliance and enforcement, and specific projects such as preventing the transboundary shipments of hazardous wastes and e-wastes, and addressing compliance and enforcement issues in global climate change schemes, and international studies of best practices to exchange information among enforcement practitioners and policy makers.