Education for Homeless Children and Youth

To ensure that all homeless children and youth have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education available to other children, the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program provides assistance to States, Outlying Areas, and the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) to: (1)establish or
designate an Office of Coordinator of Education of Homeless Children and Youths; (2) develop and carry out a State plan for the education of homeless children; and (3)make subgrants to local educational agencies to support the education of those children.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

McKinney-Vento subgrants are made available by SEAs to LEAs on a competitive basis.

LEAs must provide an application that describes the needs of homeless students in the school district, including the number of homeless students, the types of services available, and how the LEA will use subgrant funds to serve these students.

Typically, subgrants are used for after-school tutoring, purchasing necessary supplies like backpacks, hygiene packs, etc., as well as offsetting the costs of transportation for homeless students wishing to remain in the school last attended prior to becoming homeless.

Agency - Department of Education

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education and promotes educational excellence through coordination, management and accountability in Federal education programs. The Department works to supplement and complement educational efforts on all levels, encouraging increased involvement by the public, parents and students.

Program Accomplishments

Grants have been awarded to 50 States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Palau, the Northern Marianas, and the DOI Bureau of Indian Education. The Department continues to monitor States and the oulying areas.

Uses and Use Restrictions

SEAs and LEAs may use funds for a wide variety of activities that facilitate the educational success of homeless children and youth.

Such activities include: tutoring summer enrichment programs, the provision of school supplies, and professional development designed to heighten educators' understanding of and sensitivity to the needs of homeless children and youth.

Services provided with these funds cannot replace the regular academic program and must expand upon or improve services provided as part of the regular academic program.

This program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569.

For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on (202) 708-7770.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Departments of Education in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Outlying Areas, and schools serving Indian students that are funded by the Secretary of the Interior may apply.

Only LEAs are eligible for State subgrants.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Homeless children and youth in elementary and secondary schools (and homeless preschool children and the parents of homeless children) of the applicant agency will benefit.


Cost will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication forms are not required.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

The standard application forms as furnished by the Federal agency and required by OMB Circular No.

A-102 must be used for this program.

Application Procedures

A State that desires to receive a grant under this program may submit to the Department either an individual State plan or an ESEA consolidated State plan.

Award Procedures

Grant awards to the State educational agencies will be issued when applications are approved.


Deadlines will be published in the Federal Register.


McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, Title VII, Subtitle B.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time





Biennial updates of State plans are required.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Each State educational agency receives an amount that bears the same ratio to the amount appropriated for this program as the amount allocated under Section 1122 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act bears to the total allocations made under Section 1122. States shall not receive less than $150,000, 0.25 percent of the total, or the amount of the State's fiscal year 2001 award.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Assistance is provided for one fiscal year. Sums appropriated in each fiscal year shall remain available for the succeeding fiscal year.

Post Assistance Requirements


States must report an estimate of the number of homeless children and youth in the State and the number being served by this program.

They must also report on the nature and extent of problems relative to access of homeless children and youth to public preschool, elementary, and secondary schools and the difficulties in identifying the special needs of such children.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


In accordance with Section 443 of the General Education Provisions Act, grantees must maintain records for 3 years.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Grants) FY 07 $61,871,000; FY 08 est $64,067,000; and FY 09 est $64,067,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

The average State award was $1,208,000; the range was $160,000 to $7,619,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Guidance for The Education for Homeless Children and Youth program may be obtained through the office of Elementary and Secondary Education.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20202-6132. Contact: John McLaughlin; E-mail: Telephone: (202) 401-0962.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

This is a formula grant program. LEA grants are awarded by States on the basis of need.

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