Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies, Recovery Act

To help local education agencies (LEAs) and schools improve the teaching and learning of children failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

Related Programs

Agency - Department of Education

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education and promotes educational excellence through coordination, management and accountability in Federal education programs. The Department works to supplement and complement educational efforts on all levels, encouraging increased involvement by the public, parents and students.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2008: More than 51,000 schools receive services. Over 17.5 million children a year are affected by Title I services in all 50 SEAs, DC, Puerto Rico, and the outlying areas. Fiscal Year 2009: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

Use of funds varies, depending on whether a school is operating a schoolwide program under Title I, section 1114 of ESEA or a targeted assistance program under Section 1115.

A school with at least a 40 percent poverty rate may choose to operate a schoolwide program under Section 1114 that allows Title I funds to be combined with other Federal, State, and local funds to upgrade the school's overall instructional program.

LEAs, however, must ensure that each school operating a schoolwide program use Title I and other Federal funds to supplement the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources to that school.

All other participating schools must operate targeted assistance programs, which provide extra instruction to those children failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

Targeted assistance programs must ensure that Title I services supplement, not supplant the regular education programs normally provided by State and local educational agencies.

This program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate, which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569.

For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on (202) 708-7770.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

State (includes District of Columbia, public institutions of higher education and hospitals): Elementary/Secondary Education.

Local (includes State-designated lndian Tribes, excludes institutions of higher education and hospitals: Elementary/Secondary Education

Beneficiary Eligibility

State; Local; Education Professional; Student/Trainee; School; Education (0-8); Education (9-12)


No Credentials or documentation are required. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. SEAs apply for funds as part of Title I, Part A, State plans submitted to the Department of Education in accordance with Section 1111 of ESEA or as part of a consolidated State plan submitted under Section 9302 of ESEA. The plan remains in effect for the duration of the State's participation in Title I, Part A, but must be updated to reflect substantive changes. Participating LEA's must file an approved plan with their SEAs. No new applications are needed for ARRA funds.

Award Procedures

The Department of Education (ED) makes grants through SEAs to LEAs using statutory formulas based primarily on Census Bureau estimates of the number of children from low-income families in each LEA.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate for application deadlines.


Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), Title I, Part A, 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), Public Law 111-5.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

The Department expects to obligate 50 percent of funds to SEAs by March 2009, and the remainder by the end of fiscal year 2009.


If an LEA's plan is disapproved by the SEA it may appeal to the SEA and then to the Department of Education under Section 432 of the General Education Provision Act (GEPA).


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. ED allocates Title I, Part A funds made available under the ARRA through the Targeted and Education Finance Incentive Grant formulas authorized in sections 1125 and 1125A of the ESEA. Targeted Grant funds are allocated to LEAs based on each State's per-pupil expenditure for education and the number of school-aged children from low-income families. As required in section 1125 of the ESEA, ED applies weights to the count of children included in the formula so that LEAs with higher numbers or percentages of low-income children receive a higher allocation. To be eligible for a Targeted Grant an LEA (without application of the formula weights) must have at least 10 children in its Title I formula count, and the number of those children must exceed five percent of the LEA s school-age population. The Education Finance Incentive Grant formula, in addition to using the number of children from low-income families and the State s per-pupil expenditure, factors in (1) the State s effort to provide financial support for education compared to its relative wealth as measured by its per-capita income (fiscal effort factor) and (2) the degree to which education expenditures among school districts within a State are equalized (equity factor). To qualify for funds under the EFIG formula, an LEA must also meet the 10 formula child and 5 percent eligibility thresholds established for Targeted Grants. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Title I funds made available under ARRA will be awarded as soon as possible after ARRA s enactment into law. Subject to the carryover limitations in section 1127 of ESEA, LEAs will have until September 30, 2011, to obligate these funds as provided in section 421(b) of the General Education Provisions Act, unless an LEA applies for a waiver of the carryover provisions. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: N/A.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Progress reports are not applicable.

Expenditure reports are not applicable.

States submit annual performance reports.

Additional reporting requirements may be added for funds provided under the ARRA.

Any additional requirements will be included in the grant award documents.

Contact the program office for additional information.


This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-133. In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


In accordance with the General Education Provisions Act, and the Education Department General Administrative Regulations, States must maintain certain program records for 3 years.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 08 $0; FY 09 est $10,000,000,000; FY 10 est $0

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

For FY 2009, the awards made from funds available under the ARRA are expected to range from $25.8 million to $1.1 billion; the average award is 190.4 million.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

34 CFR 200. For Title I guidance and other information, contact the program office.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Susan Wilhelm 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., , Washington 20202-6132 Email: susan.wilhelm@ed.gov Phone: (202) 260-0826

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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