Minority Health and Health Disparities Research

To support basic, clinical, social, and behavioral research, promote research infrastructure and training; foster emerging programs; disseminate information; and reach out to minority and other health disparity communities.

The National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD)

has established programs to pursue these goals: (1) The Centers of Excellence Program promotes research to improve minority health, and/or reduce and eliminate health disparities, build research capacity for minority health and health disparities research in minority-serving and other institutions; encourages the participation of health disparity groups and communities in biomedical and behavioral research and prevention and intervention activities; and brings together investigators from relevant disciplines in a manner that will enhance and extend the effectiveness of their research; (2) NCMHD Research Endowment Program: builds research capacity and infrastructure at eligible Section 736 health professions schools (42 U.S.C.

293) to facilitate minority health and other health disparities research to close the disparity gap in the burden of illness and death experienced by racial and ethnic minority Americans and other health disparity populations; sup promotes a diverse and strong scientific, technological and engineering workforce; and emphasizes the recruitment and retention of underrepresented minorities and other socio-economically disadvantaged populations in the fields of biomedical, and behavioral research and other areas of the scientific workforce; (3) Health Disparities Research Loan Repayment Program (HDR-LRP): recruits and retains highly qualified health professionals to research careers that focus on minority health or other health disparities issues; (4) Extramural Clinical Research Loan Repayment Program for Individuals from Disadvantaged Backgrounds (ECR-LRP), also referred to as the Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment Program within this document: recruits and retains highly qualified health professionals from disadvantaged backgrounds to conduct clinical research.

This nucleus of clinical investigators has the potential to improve medical care within their respective communities by promoting clinical programs that address the health problems associated with these communities; (5) Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions (RIMI) Program: assists non-doctoral degree institutions in developing their research infrastructure primarily through collaborations with research-intensive universities thereby enabling the institutions to develop and enhance their capacity and competitiveness to conduct biomedical or behavioral research; (6) Minority Health and Health Disparities International Research Training Program (MHIRT), awards enable U.S.

institutions to tailor short-term basic science, biomedical and behavioral mentored student international research training opportunities to address global issues related to understanding, reducing, and eliminating health disparities; (7) Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) program: this program supports the development, implementation and evaluation of intervention research using the community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles and methods in targeting diseases of major public health importance in health disparity communities.

CBPR awards promote participatory research collaboration between scientific researchers and their community partners.

This initiative starts with a three-year research planning grant followed by a competitive fiveyear intervention research grant and conclude with a three-year research dissemination grant.

The CBPR initiative engages the community in all phases of the research process and is directed to specific diseases/health conditions in a particular health disparity population.

(8) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program: increases private sector commercialization of innovationsderivedfromFederalresearch and development; encourages small business participation in Federal research and development; and fosters and encourages participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation; and (9) Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program: to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; fosters technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; increases private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and fosters and encourages participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.
Examples of Funded Projects

(1) Centers of Excellence: (a) American Indian and Alaska Health Native Health Disparities Project; (b) A Research Center to Reduce Ethnic Disparities in End Stage Renal Disease; and (c) Appalachian Center of Translational Disparities Research; (d) The Connecticut Center for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos; (e) University of North Texas Health Science Center NCMHD Center of Excellence; (f) The NYU Center for the Study of Asian American Health; (g) and the Meharry NCMHD Center of Excellence for Health Disparities.

(2) Endowment program: continuation of the Kansas University Medical Center Endowment Program for Disadvantaged Students.

(3)and (4) HDR-LRP and ECR-LRP contracts: (a) Emotional Memory in Early Alzheimer Disease/Stressed Populations; and (b) Obesity Prevention Among Minority Children.

(5) RIMI grant: Hispanic Health Disparities Research Center.

(6) MHIRT grant: UAB Public Health/Biomedical International Research Program.

(7) CBPR grant: (a) Project Grace: A Participatory Approach to Address Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS among African American Populations; (b) Partnership to Overcome Obesity in Hawaii; (c) Partnership for a Hispanic Diabetes Prevention Program; and (d) The Healing of the Canoe: The Community Pulling Together; (8)and(9) SBIR and STTR grants: (a) Sickle Cell Personal Medical Information Card; and (b) An Information Processing Program for High-Risk Parents and (c) healthcare-focused language software.

Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories