Severe Loss Repetitive Program

To assist States and local governments in supporting actions that reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to residential properties insured under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that meet the definition of severe repetitive loss property, and to reduce losses to the National
Flood Insurance Fund (NFIF) by funding projects that result in the greatest savings to the NFIF in the shortest time period.

Agency - Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security has three primary missions: Prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism and minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters.

Office - See Appendix IV of the Catalog for listing of addresses of the DHS FEMA Regional Offices.

Program Accomplishments


Uses and Use Restrictions

States, Territories, local and Federally - recognized Indian tribal governments may apply for SRL funding to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to residential properties insured under the NFIP that meet severe repetitive loss property eligibility criteria.

Eligible activities under this program include: acquisition and relocation of at-risk structures and the conversion of property to open space; elevation of existing structures to the Base Flood Elevation (BFE) or an ABFE Advisory Base Flood Elevation (ABFE) or higher (for the SRL program Mitigation Reconstruction is only permitted when traditional elevation cannot be implemented); minor physical localized flood control projects; and dry-flood proofing (historic properties only).

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

State emergency management agencies or a similar office (i.e., the office that has primary emergency management or floodplain management responsibility) of the State; District of Columbia; U.S.

Virgin Islands; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; American Samoa; Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Guam; and Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments.

Specific information on sub-applicant eligibility, and application procedures for Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments, is provided in the SRL program guidance.

Beneficiary Eligibility

States, Territories, local governments, Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments, and homeowners.


Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments and local governments that are sub-applicants must be participating in the NFIP. Properties included in project sub-applications must meet the SRL property definition. SRL properties are residential properties that are covered under an NFIP flood insurance policy and: (a) that have at least 4 NFIP claim payments (including building and contents) over $5,000 each, and the cumulative amount of such claims payments exceeds $20,000; or (b) for which at least two separate claims payments (building payments only) have been made with the cumulative amount of the building portion of such claims exceeding the market value of the building. For both scenarios (a) and (b), at least two of the referenced claims must have occurred within any ten-year period, and must be greater than 10 days apart.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

DHS FEMA will identify the location of severe repetitive loss properties and furnish that information to the relevant States, Territories, local governments, and Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments.

FEMA will also notify owners of severe repetitive loss properties that may be eligible to receive SRL or other FEMA mitigation assistance; that their NFIP insurance premium rates may increase upon declining offers of SRL Program mitigation assistance only (such insurance consequences do not apply to other FEMA mitigation assistance programs); and, that they have the right to appeal such premium rate increases.

Further, States, Territories, local governments, and Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments will, to the best extent practicable, consult with SRL property owners to select the most appropriate mitigation activity, prior to submitting SRL grant applications.

To be eligible for a SRL grant, Applicants must have a FEMA approved State Mitigation Plan (Standard or Enhanced) or Tribal Mitigation Plan in compliance with 44 CFR Part 201 by the application deadline.

In addition, Sub-applicants must have a FEMA approved local mitigation plan in accordance with 44 CFR Part 201, by the application deadline that, at a minimum, addresses flood hazards to be eligible to receive project grant funding under the SRL program.

Establishment of this program through regulation is categorically excluded from the requirement of the preparation of an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement in accordance with 44 CFR 10.8(d)(2)(ii).

This NEPA category excludes the preparation, revision, and adoption of regulations where the rule regulates to actions that qualify for other NEPA categorical exclusions in 44 CFR 10.8(d)(2).

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or officials designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

Application deadline and other information are contained in the announcement or application /program guidance.

Award Procedures

Applications or plans are reviewed by DHS program and administrative staff. Any issues or concerns noted in the application will be negotiated with the successful applicant prior to the award being issued.


Refer to announcement or application guidance for further information.


National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended by the Bunning-Bereuter-Blumenauer Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2004, Public Law 108-264.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Refer to program guidance document.


Property owners who refuse an SRL mitigation offer may become subject to increases of their NFIP insurance premium rates, and have the right to appeal such rate increases. Refer to SRL program guidance or the administering program office for further information.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

DHS FEMA will allocate the available SRL funds to states each fiscal year based upon the percentage of the total number of severe repetitive loss properties located within the State. Ten percent of the total funds made available in any fiscal year will be available to States, Territories, and Federally-recognized Indian tribal governments that have at least one SRL property and that receive little or no allocation. NFIP severe repetitive loss property records are maintained and updated monthly by the FEMA Bureau and Statistical Agent. NFIP severe repetitive loss property records are protected by the Privacy Act, and are only made available to the States, Territories, local governments, and Indian tribal governments eligible to apply for SRL grants. DHS FEMA may contribute up to 75 percent of the eligible costs of activities that target SRL properties. The SRL program offers up to 90 percent Federal cost share funding for projects approved in States, Territories, and Federally-recognized Indian Tribal Plans that include a strategy for mitigating existing and future SRL properties. For further information refer to DHS FEMA SRL and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program regulations at 44 CFR Part 79, the SRL program guidance, or contact the administering program office.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Refer to program guidance. Awards are subject to the Cash Management Improvement Act for payment and/or reimbursement of expenditures.

Post Assistance Requirements


Grantees are required to submit quarterly financial and performance reports.

Quarterly "Progress Reports" must include the progress of each sub-grant award.

Reports are due 30 days after the end of each quarter: January 30, April 30, July 30, and October 30.

Final financial and performance reports are due 90 days after the expiration or termination of grant award.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), Audits of States, local governments, and Nonprofit Organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards (or receive property, or a combination of both, within the fiscal year) will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular A-133. These audits are due to the cognizant Federal agency, submitted through the Federal Audit Clearinghouse, not later than nine months after the end of the grantee's fiscal year.


Grant records shall be retained for a period of three years from the day the recipient submits it final expenditure report. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit, or other action involving the records has been started before the expiration of the three-year period, the records must be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all issues which arise from it, or until the end of the regular three-year period, whichever is later. Grant records include financial and program/progress reports, support documents, statistical records, and other documents that support the activity and/or expenditure of the recipient or sub-recipient under the award.

Financial Information

Account Identification



FY 07 $0, FY 08 est $40,000,000; and FY 09 est $40,000,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Will be identified in solicitation/program guidance.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

The SRL and FMA Program Regulations at 44 CFR Part 79; the DHS FEMA Real Property Acquisition Regulations at 44 CFR Part 80, and the SRL program guidance. Other guidelines include OMB Circular No. A-102, Grants and Cooperative Agreements with State and local Governments, and OMB Circular No. A-87, Cost Principles for State, Local and Indian Tribal Governments. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs. Local Governments and Federally-recognized Indian Tribal (if applying through the State) sub-applicants should consult the office or officials designated as the single point of contact in his or her state for more information on the process that the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Appendix IV of the Catalog for listing of addresses of the DHS FEMA Regional Offices.

Headquarters Office

Lloyd Hake, Chief, Program Implementation Section, Risk Reduction Branch, Mitigation Division, Federal Emergency Management Agency, 500 C Street, S.W., Washington, DC 20472. Telephone: (202) 646-3428 or E-mail:

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Refer to the program guidance for information on criteria for selecting proposals.

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