Reducing the burden of disease in China requires a multifaceted approach.
A variety of pilot programs have successfully prevented new infections, improved care and treatment of existing diseases, and strengthened the capacity to collect and use surveillance data.Since the 1980s, the Chinese government
and the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U. S. CDC) have collaborated on public health priorities that affect China, the United States and the global community.
The collaborative projects extend across China to build strong bilateral relationships between China and the United States.
Project areas in China have included the following:Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases:
Programs build capacity to detect and respond to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases through several areas:Emerging Infections:
U. S. CDC and China CDC experts work to strengthen public health surveillance, to prevent transmission of infections, and to improve laboratory detection of infectious diseases, such as acute respiratory infections, food borne infections, and drug-resistant tuberculosis.
This comprehensive approach helps China identify and contain infectious disease outbreaks before they spread globally.Epidemiology Capacity Building:
Established in 2001, the Chinese Field Epidemiology Training Program (CFETP) strengthens China’s disease surveillance, applied epidemiology, and response capacities.
Through a 2-year field program, CFETP has trained more than 200 of China’s top epidemiologists to respond to health emergencies in China and serve as the public health leaders of tomorrow.Health Communication Strategies:
U. S. CDC advises China on science-based communication strategies, integration of emergency and risk communication principles, and use of eHealth (technology based) channels.
This work helps China more effectively mitigate public health threats and address its public health priorities.Influenza:
For more than 20 years, U. S. CDC has supported the Chinese National Influenza Center to monitor and conduct research on seasonal and novel influenza viruses with pandemic potential.
For more than 10 years, U. S. CDC has worked with numerous additional Chinese partners to combine expertise in the areas of pandemic influenza preparedness, influenza surveillance, and rapid response to prevent, identify, and control influenza.Non-communicable Diseases and environmental health:
Recognizing the significant public health burden of non-communicable diseases and environmental health, U.S.-China collaborations have aimed at these leading causes of death.
Initial areas of focus have included behavioral risk factor surveillance, prevention and control of hypertension through sodium reduction, and tobacco control, diabetes control, and air pollution.Injury prevention and control:
Since 2012, U. S. CDC has been working with Chinese counterparts on road traffic related injury and violence against children prevention and control to improve awareness, build surveillance capacity, and conduct epidemiology investigations to initiate interventions.HIV/AIDS:
Programs work to introduce innovative HIV detection and prevention strategies, advise China’s National Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program and collaborate with the central and 15 provincial CDCs.
These partnerships ensure thousands of persons living with HIV/AIDS in China know their status and have access to treatment, care, and supportive services.Immunization:
U. S. CDC works with Chinese public health officials to increase immunization and prevent disease, disability, and death.