Wild Horse and Burro Resource Management

The goal of the Wild Horses and Burro Resource Management program is to achieve and maintain healthy, viable wild horse and burro populations on the public lands.

credit: Flickr

Examples of Funded Projects

Development of the National Wild Horse and Burro Foundation working in partnership with the Bureau of Land Management to ensure healthy wild horses and burros through the successful placement of excess animals for future generations.

BLM's continued research into population level fertility control along with research on population census techniques.

Cooperative program with the States to provide for long-term holding of excess wild horses on private lands.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Nature Conservancy (the) $ 80,000   2008-10-012013-09-30
The Nature Conservancy $ 40,000   2008-09-222013-09-30
Wyoming Department Of Corrections - Honor Far $ 114,000   2008-09-152013-09-30
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   

Program Accomplishments

The BLM has made significant progress in achieving appropriate management levels of wild horses and burros on public lands. The BLM implemented close coordination with its advisory board and interested non-profits to gain efficiencies in the adoption program. BLM is continuing the investigation of fertility control, which has shown promise as a population control tool.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Projects are designated to manage and protect wild free-roaming horses and burros to achieve and maintain a thriving natural ecological balance on the public lands.

Project assistance can be used in researching for improved censusing techniques and fertility control methods; and adopting excess animals removed from the range.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Anyone/general public.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All Public Land users.


For grants awarded, cost will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and Local Governments; OMB Circular No. A-21 for educational institutions; OMB Circular No. A-122 for nonprofit organizations; and Federal Acquisition Regulation Subpart 31.2 for private foundations, firms, individuals, and other nonprofits excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-122.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Coordinate cooperative project proposals with BLM State or District Offices.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

Offers of Assistance are coordinated by Bureau State and Field Offices. No specific application forms apply, except for grants awarded, the standard application forms furnished by the Federal agency and required by 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments," and 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart F, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements With Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Nonprofit Organizations", must be used by this program.

Award Procedures

Projects are reviewed at State level and funding recommendations are made through each State's annual work plan. Final budget approvals rest with the State Director or Field Office Manager.




Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, Public Law 92-195, as amended; Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Public Law 94-579; Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978, Public Law 95-514.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Projects are approved through the Bureau budget cycle that normally requires at least one year to receive funding.


Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory matching funds requirement, however, applicants offering matching funds are more likely to be funded.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

No specific restrictions, however, most projects are funded on a year to year basis and funds are expended during a particular fiscal year.

Post Assistance Requirements


Performance monitoring schedules and/or progress reports will be developed in consultation with the applicant, but at a minimum will take place at least once during the life of a project.


Projects will be audited at least once during life cycle. Grants awarded to educational institutions and nonprofit organizations are subject to the audit requirements of 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart F, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements With Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Nonprofit Organizations". In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


Records relating to work performed and costs are kept by the Bureau. There is no fixed records schedule. Records for grants awarded to State and Local Governments will be maintained in accordance with the provisions of 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments." Records for grants awarded to institutions of higher education and other nonprofit organizations will be maintained in accordance with the provisions of 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart F, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements With Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Nonprofit Organizations".

Financial Information

Account Identification



FY 07 $1,490,093; FY 08 est $2,950,000; and FY 09 est $5,700,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Past partnership projects have run between $10,000 to $400,000. Average amounts run about $60,000 or less.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

The wild horse and burro program is generally guided by provisions in 43 CFR Part 4700. BLM Manuals and Handbooks 4700 - 4770 provide basic program operational guidance for the wild horses and burro program and may be obtained by accessing the BLM library through the internet.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Headquarters Office

Group Manager, Wild Horses and Burros Group, Bureau of Land Management (WO 260), 1849 C St, N.W., 402 LS, Washington, DC 20240-9998. Telephone: (202) 452-5073. Please contact the specific BLM State Office where you wish to apply.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Criteria used to select assistance proposals are based on their direct relationship to BLM's management of wild horse and burro herds and a balanced review including relevance to program objectives, merit and cost effectiveness.

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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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